coronaryarterybypasssurgery

What is Coronary Artery Bypass Surgery?


If you have coronary artery disease (CAD), the arteries that supply blood and oxygen to the heart muscle become hardened and narrowed. If lifestyle changes and medicines don't help, your doctor may recommend coronary artery bypass surgery. The surgery uses a piece of a vein from the leg or artery from the chest or wrist. The surgeon attaches this to the coronary artery above and below the narrowed area or blockage. This allows blood to bypass the blockage. Some people need more than one bypass.

Read more on www.nlm.nih.gov
Also known as cabg, heart bypass surgery, coronary artery bypass graft, coronary bypass surgery, Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting, off-pump coronary artery bypass, opcab, beating heart surgery, bypass surgery - heart, Aortocoronary Bypass, Coronary Artery Bypasses, Aortocoronary Bypasses
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CALDOLOR

Caldolor contains the active ingredient ibuprofen, which is (&plusmn,)-2-(p-isobutylphenyl) propionic acid. Ibuprofen is a white powder with a melting point of 74-77°C. It has a molecular weight of 206.28. It is very slightly soluble in water (<1 mg/mL) and readily soluble in organic solvents such as ethanol and acetone. The structural formula of ibuprofen is represented below:Each 1 mL of solution contains 100 mg of ibuprofen in Water for Injection, USP. The product also contains 78 mg/mL arginine at a molar ratio of 0.92:1 arginine:ibuprofen. The solution pH is about 7.4. Caldolor is an NSAID indicated in adults for the: 1.1 Analgesia (Pain) 1.2 Antipyretic (Fever) 2 DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION 2.1 Analgesia (Pain) 2.2 Antipyretic (Fever) 2.3 Preparation and Administration 3 DOSAGE FORMS AND STRENGTHS 4 CONTRAINDICATIONS 4.1 Hypersensitivity 4.2 Asthma and Allergic Reactions 4.3 Coronary Artery Bypass Graft (CABG) 5 WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS 5.1 Cardiovascular Thrombotic Events 5.2 Gastrointestinal Effects: Risk of Ulceration, Bleeding, and Perforation 5.3 Hepatic Effects 5.4 Hypertension 5.5 Congestive Heart Failure and Edema 5.6 Renal Effects 5.7 Anaphylactoid Reactions 5.8 Serious Skin Reactions 5.9 Pregnancy 5.10 Masking Inflammation and Fever 5.11 Hematological Effects 5.12 Pre-existing Asthma 5.13 Ophthalmological Effects 5.14 Aseptic Meningitis 5.15 Monitoring 6 ADVERSE REACTIONS 6.1 Clinical Studies Experience 7 DRUG INTERACTIONS 7.1 Aspirin 7.2 Anticoagulants 7.3 ACE Inhibitors 7.4 Diuretics 7.5 Lithium 7.6 Methotrexate 7.7 H-2 Antagonists 8 USE IN SPECIFIC POPULATIONS 8.1 Pregnancy 8.2 Labor and Delivery 8.3 Nursing Mothers 8.4 Pediatric Use 8.5 Geriatric Use 10 OVERDOSAGE 11 DESCRIPTION 12 CLINICAL PHARMACOLOGY 12.1 Mechanism of Action 12.3 Pharmacokinetics 14 CLINICAL STUDIES 14.1 Analgesia (Pain) 14.2 Antipyretic (Fever) 16 HOW SUPPLIED/STORAGE AND HANDLING 17 PATIENT COUNSELING INFORMATION 17.1 Cardiovascular Effects 17.2 Gastrointestinal...

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Coronary artery disease

Coronary artery disease is also called CAD. It is when the arteries in your heart narrow or become blocked. CAD may cause angina (chest pain), a heart attack, or congestive heart failure. CAD is one of the leading causes of death in the United States.

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Coronary Heart Disease

Sometimes called a "coronary" or a "heart attack", myocardial infarction is a condition caused by occlusion of one or more of the coronary arteries. The symptoms include prolonged heavy pressure or squeezing pain in the center of the chest behind the sternum (breast bone). Typically, the patient will describe this by clenching a fist and holding it over the heart to demonstrate the character of the pain. The pain may spread to the shoulder, neck, arm, and fourth and fifth fingers of the left hand, to the back, to the teeth, or to the jaw. These symptoms may be accompanied by nausea and vomiting, sweating, and shortness of breath. The may come and go. It is important that medical care be obtained without delay. About half of myocardial infarction patients die prior to reaching the hospital. Delaying specific therapy may cause loss of life. When the coronary arteries that supply the heart with oxygen thicken, harden, and narrow, the heart is deprived of needed oxygen. This deprivation often results in chest pain, called angina pectoris. When damage to the heart muscle is incurred, the individual suffers a heart attack or myocardial infarction. In addition to insufficient blood flow to the heart can cause abnormal heartbeat rhythms called arrhythmias. A coronary may be triggered by a partial or complete blockage of the coronary arteries, an emotional crisis, a heavy meal, or overexertion from exercise or heavy lifting. Cardiac failure is a condition resulting fro inability of the heart to pump sufficient blood to meet the needs of the body. Following a coronary, the heart muscles may be damaged or scarred, resulting in the inability of the heart to perform normally. Cardiac insufficiency is the inadequate cardiac output due to failure of the heart to function properly, as in valvular deficiency.

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Coronary artery bypass surgery - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Coronary artery bypass surgery, also coronary artery bypass graft (CABG pronounced cabbage) surgery, and colloquially heart bypass or bypass surgery is a ...

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Coronary Artery Bypass Graft Surgery (Heart Bypass Surgery, CABG ...

Mar 8, 2011 ... What is coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery? According to the American Heart Association 427000 coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) ...

Read more on www.medicinenet.com

Coronary artery bypass surgery

Cardiac Bypass Surgery - Cleveland Clinic Heart Center is a top heart hospital with cardiologists and surgeons trained to recognize the symptoms and treat ...

Read more on my.clevelandclinic.org

Coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG)

Coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) is a type of surgery that improves blood flow to the heart. It's used for people who have severe coronary heart ...

Read more on www.nhlbi.nih.gov

Coronary Artery Bypass Surgery - Texas Heart Institute Heart ...

Bypass surgery improves blood flow to the heart with a new route around a section of clogged or diseased artery.

Read more on www.texasheart.org

Coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery

May 5, 2009 ... During a coronary artery bypass graft (CABG), blood flow is rerouted through a new artery or vein that is grafted around diseased sections ...

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Coronary Heart Disease

Coronary heart disease (CHD), also called coronary artery disease, affects about 14 million men and women in the United States. Disease develops when a combination of fatty material, calcium, and scar tissue (plaque) builds up in the arteries that supply the heart with blood. Through these arteries, called the coronary arteries, the heart muscle (myocardium) gets the oxygen and other nutrients it needs to pump blood.

Contents

Coronary artery bypass
A coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) is a surgical procedure used to divert blood around narrow or clogged arteries (blood vessels). This improves blood flow and oxygen supply to the heart.

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Heart bypass surgery
Heart bypass surgery creates a new route, called a bypass, for blood and oxygen to reach your heart. It is done to fix problems caused by coronary artery disease (CAD), in which the arteries that lead to your heart are partly or totally blocked. See also: Heart bypass surgery - minimally invasive Angioplasty and stent placement

Read more on www.nlm.nih.gov
Heart bypass surgery - minimally invasive
Heart bypass surgery creates a new route, called a bypass, for blood and oxygen to reach your heart. It helps fix problems caused by coronary artery disease (CAD), in which the arteries that lead to your heart are partly or totally blocked. Minimally invasive coronary (heart) artery bypass can be done without stopping the heart and putting a patient on a heart-lung machine. See also: Coronary bypass Angioplasty and stent placement

Read more on www.nlm.nih.gov
Coronary bypass surgery
Coronary bypass surgery is a procedure to allow blood to flow to your heart muscle despite blocked arteries. Coronary bypass surgery uses a healthy blood vessel taken from your leg, arm, chest or abdomen and connects it to the other arteries in your heart so that blood is bypassed around the diseased or blocked area. After a coronary bypass surgery, normal blood flow is restored. Coronary bypass surgery is just one option to treat heart disease.

Read more on www.mayoclinic.com
Coronary angioplasty
If more than one of the arteries in your heart or the main part of your left coronary artery is narrowed, you may need a heart bypass. This is medically known as coronary artery bypass graft, or CABG.

Read more on www.nhs.uk
Coronary artery spasm
Coronary artery spasm is a temporary, sudden narrowing of one of the coronary arteries (the arteries that supply blood to the heart). The spasm slows or stops blood flow through the artery and starves part of the heart of oxygen-rich blood.

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Coronary artery disease
Your coronary arteries are the major blood vessels that supply your heart with blood, oxygen and nutrients. When these arteries become damaged or diseased usually due to a buildup of fatty deposits called plaques it's known as coronary artery disease.

Read more on www.mayoclinic.com
Coronary artery fistula
Coronary artery fistula is an abnormal connection between one of the coronary arteries and a heart chamber or another blood vessel. The coronary arteries are blood vessels that bring oxygen-rich blood to the heart. Fistula means abnormal connection.

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Atherosclerosis, Coronary
Coronary artery disease (CAD) is the most common type of heart disease. It is the leading cause of death in the United States in both men and women. CAD happens when the arteries that supply blood to heart muscle become hardened and narrowed. This is due to the buildup of cholesterol and other material, called plaque, on their inner walls. As the buildup grows, less blood can flow through the arteries. As a result, the heart muscle can't get the blood or oxygen it needs. This can lead to chest pain (angina) or a heart attack. Most heart attacks happen when a blood clot suddenly cuts off the hearts' blood supply, causing permanent heart damage.

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Coronary Artery Disease in Women
Coronary artery disease is also called CAD. It is when the arteries in your heart narrow or become blocked. CAD may cause angina (chest pain), a heart attack, or congestive heart failure. CAD is a leading cause of death in women in the United States.

Read more on www.pdrhealth.com
Bypass Surgery, Coronary Artery - American Heart Association
During the past several years, more surgeons have started performing off-pump coronary artery bypass surgery (OPCAB). In it, the heart continues beating ...

Read more on www.americanheart.org