dialysis

What is Dialysis?


As with haemodialysis, the first stage in peritoneal dialysis is to create an access point so that the dialysate fluid can be passed into, and then out of, your peritoneal cavity.

Read more on www.nhs.uk
Also known as hemodialysis, haemodialysis, renal replacement therapy, Dialyses, artificial kidneys
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Dialysis

As with haemodialysis, the first stage in peritoneal dialysis is to create an access point so that the dialysate fluid can be passed into, and then out of, your peritoneal cavity.

Read more on www.nhs.uk

Hemodialysis

When your kidneys are healthy, they clean your blood. They also make hormones that keep your bones strong and your blood healthy. When your kidneys fail, you need treatment to replace the work your kidneys used to do. Unless you have a kidney transplant, you will need a treatment called dialysis. There are two main types of dialysis: hemodialysis and peritoneal dialysis. Both types filter your blood to rid your body of harmful wastes, extra salt and water. Hemodialysis does that with a machine. Peritoneal dialysis uses the lining of your abdomen, called the peritoneal membrane, to filter your blood. Each type has both risks and benefits. They also require that you follow a special diet. Your doctor can help you decide the best type of dialysis for you.

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Dialysis

Dialysis is a method of removing toxic substances (impurities or wastes) from the blood when the kidneys are unable to do so.

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Hemodialysis

Hemodialysis is the most common way to treat advanced, permanent kidney failure. The procedure helps hundreds of thousands of people live, work and enjoy hobbies despite failing kidneys. During hemodialysis, a machine does some of the work healthy kidneys normally perform by filtering harmful wastes, salts and fluid from your blood that would normally be eliminated in your urine.

Read more on www.mayoclinic.com

Peritoneal Dialysis

Peritoneal dialysis is a way to remove waste products from your blood when your kidneys can no longer do the job. During peritoneal dialysis, blood vessels in your abdominal lining (peritoneum) fill in for your kidneys, with the help of a fluid (dialysate) washed in and out of the peritoneal space.

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Peritonitis - dialysis associated

Dialysis-associated peritonitis is inflammation of the lining of the abdominal cavity (peritoneum) that occurs in someone who receives peritoneal dialysis.

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Contents

Advantages and disadvantages
If dialysis is recommended for you, you will have to decide whether you want to have haemodialysis or peritoneal dialysis.

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Description
WHAT IS HEMODIALYSIS?

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How haemodialysis is performed
If you choose to receive haemodialysis, the first step usually involves creating an arterio-venous fistula (AV fistula).

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Indications
The kidneys function as filters for the blood, removing waste products. They also help:Manage how much water is in the body; Maintain the balance of sodium, potassium, phosphorous, and other minerals and vitamins in the body; Ensure that the blood pH remains between 7.35 and 7.45

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Recovery
See: End-stage kidney disease

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Results
How successful dialysis proves to be in the treatment of kidney failure will depend on a number of factors including...

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Risks
The immediate risks include:A small bubble of air in the blood that travels to a blood vessel in another part of the body (air embolism); Bleeding from the access site; Cramps; Dialyzer reaction; Electrolyte imbalance; Infection; Irregular heartbeat or ischemia; Low blood pressure (hypotension); Nausea and vomiting

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Schedule
Dialysis is usually recommended if you begin to show symptoms that suggest that your kidneys have lost most of their filtering abilities, and the levels of waste products in your blood are dangerously high. The medical term to describe this situation is uremia.

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Side effects
Both haemodialysis and peritoneal dialysis cause side effects. This is due to two main reasons...

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