What is enlarged prostate?

The actual cause of prostate enlargement is unknown. Factors linked to aging and the testicles themselves may play a role in the growth of the gland. Men who have had their testicles removed at a young age (for example, as a result of testicular cancer) do not develop BPH.

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Enlarged Prostate

An enlargement of the prostate gland that is not cancerous (malignant) is called benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH). Recently, the term LUTS, an acronym for "lower urinary tract symptoms," has been introduced as an alternative term for BPH, since many patients with typical symptoms of BPH have small prostates. The prostate gland, found in men only, surrounds the tube through which urine leaves the bladder (the urethra). BPH is usually progressive because the prostate tends to enlarge as a man ages. Such enlargement may lead to obstruction of the urethra and interfere with urine flow. In patients with small prostates, increased tone of the smooth muscle in the bladder neck, rather than enlargement of the prostate, causes symptoms. Symptoms, whether from a large or a small prostate, are divided into three stages: mild, moderate, or severe.

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Enlarged Prostate

A man's prostate gland usually starts to enlarge after he reaches 40 years of age. This condition is called benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH).

Enlarged Prostate

The prostate is a male reproductive gland that produces the fluid that carries sperm during ejaculation. It surrounds the urethra, the tube through which urine passes out of the body. An enlarged prostate means the gland has grown bigger. Prostate enlargement happens to almost all men as they get older. As the gland grows, it can press on the urethra and cause urination and bladder problems. An enlarged prostate is often called benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) or benign prostatic hypertrophy. It is not cancer, and it does not raise your risk for prostate cancer.

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Prostate gland enlargement

Prostate gland enlargement is a common condition as men get older. Also called benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) and prostatic hypertrophy, prostate gland enlargement can cause bothersome urinary symptoms. Untreated prostate gland enlargement can block the flow of urine out of the bladder and can cause bladder, urinary tract or kidney problems.

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Prostate Enlargement

There is evidence to suggest that eating a diet high in protein and vegetables and low in red meat and fat may reduce your risk of developing an enlarged prostate.

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Prostate Enlargement: Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia

It is common for the prostate gland to become enlarged as a man ages. Doctors call this condition benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH), or benign prostatic ...

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Enlarged Prostate (BPH) - WebMD

Information about, including the causes, symptoms and treatment of prostate cancer.

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Benign prostatic hyperplasia - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Rectal examination (palpation of the prostate through the rectum) may reveal a markedly enlarged prostate, usually affecting the middle lobe. ...

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Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia (BPH, Enlarged Prostate) Symptoms ...

Mar 17, 2011 ... Get the facts on benign prostatic hyperplasia symptoms and prevention of an enlarged prostate gland. BPH treatment may involve medication or ...

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Enlarged Prostate.pdf - UrologyHealth.org

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Exams and Tests
After taking a complete medical history, your doctor will perform a digital rectal exam to feel the prostate gland. The following tests may also be performed:Urine flow rate; Post-void residual urine test to see how much urine is left in your bladder after urination; Pressure flow studies to measure the pressure in the bladder as you urinate; Urinalysis to check for blood or infection; Urine culture to check for infection; Prostate-specific antigen (PSA) blood test to screen for prostate cancer;...

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Medical advice
Call your doctor right away if you have:Less urine than usual; Fever or chills; Back, side, or abdominal pain; Blood or pus in your urine; Your bladder does not feel completely empty after you urinate; You take medications that may cause urinary problems, like diuretics, antihistamines, antidepressants, or sedatives. Do NOT stop or adjust your medications on your own without talking to your doctor; You have taken self-care measures for 2 months without relief

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Possible Complications
Men who have had long-standing BPH with a gradual increase in symptoms may develop:Sudden inability to urinate ; Urinary tract infections ; Urinary stones ; Damage to the kidneys ; Blood in the urine

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Support Groups
See: BPH support groups

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Less than half of all men with BPH have symptoms of the disease, which include:Dribbling at the end of urinating; Inability to urinate (urinary retention); Incomplete emptying of your bladder; Incontinence ; Needing to urinate two or more times per night ; Pain with urination or bloody urine (these may indicate infection); Slowed or delayed start of the urinary stream ; Straining to urinate; Strong and sudden urge to urinate ; Weak urine stream

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The choice of a treatment is based on the severity of your symptoms, the extent to which they affect your daily life, and the presence of any other medical conditions. Treatment options include "watchful waiting," lifestyle changes, medication, or surgery. If you are over 60, you are more likely to have symptoms. But many men with an enlarged prostate have only minor symptoms. Self-care steps are often enough to make you feel better. If you have BPH, you should have a yearly exam to monitor...

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