What is Epilepsy?

Uncontrolled seizures and their effect on your life may at times feel overwhelming or lead to depression. It's important not to let epilepsy constrain you. You can still live an active, social life. To help cope: Educate yourself and your friends and family about epilepsy so they understand the condition.; Try to ignore negative reactions from people. It helps to learn about epilepsy so you know the facts as opposed to misconceptions about the disease. And try to keep your sense of humor.; Live as independently as possible. This means continuing to work, if possible. If you can't drive because of your seizures, investigate public transportation options near you.; Find a doctor you like and...

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Also known as Aura, Seizure Disorder, Auras, Seizure Disorders, Epileptic Seizures, Epileptic Seizure, Epilepsies
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Epilepsy information from trusted sources:

Epilepsy Fdn.-Frequently Asked Questions

This page is intended to provide basic information about epilepsy and seizure disorders to the general public. It is not intended to, nor does it, ...

WHO | Epilepsy

Epilepsy is a chronic disorder characterized by recurrent seizures, which may vary from a brief lapse of attention or muscle jerks, to severe and prolonged ...

Read more on www.who.int

Epilepsy - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Epilepsy (from the Ancient Greek ἐπιληψία (epilēpsía) — "to seize") is a common chronic neurological disorder characterized by recurrent unprovoked seizures ...

Read more on en.wikipedia.org


This may also be called primary or idiopathic epilepsy. Episodes of abnormal electrical activity ... Epilepsy is defined as 2 or more unprovoked seizures. ...


Some anti-epileptic drugs (AEDs) can reduce the effectiveness of some types of contraception including...

Read more on www.nhs.uk

Epilepsy: Seizure Symptoms and Types on MedicineNet.com

Nov 29, 2010 ... Read about seizure symptoms and types such as generalized, grand-mal, absence, myoclonic, clonic, tonic, atonic, and partial.

Read more on www.medicinenet.com

Coping With Epilepsy

Forum for people living with epilepsy to discuss treatment options and offer peer support.


Health information about Epilepsy, Ask an Expert about Epilepsy from experts in Cincinnati, Cleveland and Columbus, Ohio.

Read more on www.netwellness.org

Types of Epilepsy: Idiopathic, Symptomatic, Generalized, and Partial

An overview of the different types of epilepsy, their symptoms and treatment.

Read more on www.webmd.com


Epilepsy is a disorder that results from the generation of electrical signals inside the brain, causing recurring seizures. Seizure symptoms vary. Some people with epilepsy simply stare blankly for a few seconds during a seizure, while others have full-fledged convulsions.

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Epilepsy has no identifiable cause in about half of those who have the condition. In the other half, the condition may be traced to various factors.

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Some anti-epileptic drugs (AEDs) can reduce the effectiveness of some types of contraception including...

Read more on www.nhs.uk
Epilepsy can be difficult to diagnose because there are many other conditions that can cause seizures, such as migraines or panic attacks.

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Exams and Tests
A physical examination (including a detailed neurologic examination) may be normal, or it may show abnormal brain function related to specific areas of the brain.

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Lifestyle and home remedies
Understanding your condition can help you control it.

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Medical advice
Call your local emergency number (such as 911) if this is the first time a person has had a seizure or if a seizure is occurring in someone without a medical ID bracelet (which has instructions explaining what to do).

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Outlook (Prognosis)
Some people with certain types of seizures may be able to reduce or completely stop their seizure medicines after having no seizures for several years. Certain types of childhood epilepsy goes away or improves with age -- usually in the late teens or 20s.

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Possible Complications
Difficulty learning; Inhaling fluid into the lungs, which can cause aspiration pneumonia; Injury from falls, bumps, or self-inflicted bites during a seizure; Injury from having a seizure while driving or operating machinery; Many epilepsy medications cause birth defects -- women wishing to become pregnant should alert their doctor in advance in order to adjust medications; Permanent brain damage (stroke or other damage); Prolonged seizures or numerous seizures without complete recovery between them (status epilepticus); Side effects of medications

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Preparing for your appointment
You're likely to start by first seeing your family doctor or a general practitioner. However, in some cases when you call to set up an appointment, you may be referred immediately to a specialist, like a neurologist or a doctor called an epileptologist, who specializes in treating epilepsy.

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Generally, there is no known way to prevent epilepsy. However, proper diet and sleep, and staying away from illegal drugs and alcohol, may decrease the likelihood of triggering seizures in people with epilepsy.

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In most cases, medical help is not needed when someone has an epileptic fit.

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Risk factors
Certain factors may increase your risk of epilepsy.

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Support Groups
The stress caused by having seizures (or being a caretaker of someone with seizures) can often be helped by joining a support group. In these groups, members share common experiences and problems. See: Epilepsy - support group

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Because epilepsy is caused by abnormal activity in brain cells, seizures can affect any process your brain coordinates. A seizure can produce: Temporary confusion; A staring spell; Uncontrollable jerking movements of the arms and legs; Complete loss of consciousness

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Treatments and drugs
Doctors generally start by treating epilepsy with medication. If that doesn't work, they may propose surgery or another type of treatment.

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