What is hazardous substances?

People abuse substances such as drugs, alcohol, and tobacco for varied and complicated reasons, but it is clear that our society pays a significant cost. The toll for this abuse can be seen in our hospitals and emergency departments through direct damage to health by substance abuse and its link to physical trauma. Jails and prisons tally daily the strong connection between crime and drug dependence and abuse. Although use of some drugs such as cocaine has declined, use of other drugs such as heroin and "club drugs" has increased. Finding effective treatment for and prevention of substance abuse has been difficult. Through research, we now have a better understanding of the behavior. Studies have made it clear that drug education and prevention aimed at children and adolescents offers the best chance to curb abuse nationally. The 1996 National Household Survey on Drug Abuse estimated the number of users of illicit drugs in the United States to be about 13 million. In addition, the survey estimated that 10% of Americans abuse or are dependent on alcohol, and 25% of Americans smoke cigarettes. Abused substances produce some form of intoxication that alters judgment, perception, attention, or physical control.

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Safety and Health Topics: Hazardous and Toxic Substances

Hazardous and toxic substances are defined as those chemicals present in the workplace which ... Fires involving spills or releases of hazardous substances. ...

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CERCLA Hazardous Substances | Emergency Management | US EPA

CERCLA hazardous substances are substances that are considered severely harmful to human health and the environment. Many are commonly used substances which ...

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Federal Hazardous Substances Act

The Federal Hazardous Substances Act (available in PDF), requires that certain hazardous household products ("hazardous substances") bear cautionary ...

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ATSDR - Redirect - ToxFAQs™: Hazardous Substance Fact Sheets

May 1, 2010 ... Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry - Redirect ... Priority List of Hazardous Substances · Public Health Statements ...

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Restriction of Hazardous Substances Directive - Wikipedia, the ...

The Directive on the restriction of the use of certain hazardous substances in electrical and electronic equipment 2002/95/EC ( About this sound ...

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Hazardous Substances Data Bank (HSDB) - Comprehensive, peer-reviewed toxicology data for. Toxicology Literature Online (TOXLINE) - References from ...

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Scorpion stings

Scorpions are arthropods a relative of insects, spiders and crustaceans and have changed little in the last 400 million years or so. Although approximately 1,400 species of scorpions exist worldwide, only about 25 have venom potent enough to be hazardous to humans. The most dangerous scorpions are found in North Africa, the Middle East, South America and Mexico.

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chloramphenicol sodium succinate

Chloramphenicol is an antibiotic that is clinically useful for, and should be reserved for, serious infections caused by organisms susceptible to its antimicrobial effects when less potentially hazardous therapeutic agents are ineffective or contraindicated. Sensitivity testing is essential to determine its indicated use, but may be performed concurrently with therapy initiated on clinical impression that one of the indicated conditions exists (see INDICATIONS AND USAGE section). section).

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Hazardous substances | Pregnancy | March of Dimes

Some substances and chemicals, such as solvents, paints, cleaners and pesticides, can cause birth defects or increase the risk of miscarriage.

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Federal Hazardous Substances Act (FHSA) As Amended (October 14 ...

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Substance Abuse
For most adults, moderate alcohol use is not harmful. However, nearly 17.6 million adults in the United States are alcoholics or have alcohol problems. Alcoholism is a disease with four main features: Alcoholism carries many serious dangers. Heavy drinking can increase the risk of certain cancers. It can cause damage to the liver, brain and other organs. It can cause birth defects. It increases the risk of death from car crashes and other injuries as well as the risk of homicide and suicide.

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Substance abuse testing
To screen for drug use, to monitor someone with a substance abuse problem, or to detect and evaluate a drug overdose

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Pregnancy and Substance Abuse
When you are pregnant, you are not just "eating for two." You also breathe and drink for two, so it is important to carefully consider what you give to your baby. If you smoke, use alcohol or take illegal drugs, so does your unborn baby. First, don't smoke. Smoking during pregnancy passes nicotine and cancer-causing drugs to your baby. Smoke also keeps your baby from getting nourishment and raises the risk of stillbirth or premature birth. Don't drink alcohol. There is no known safe amount of alcohol a woman can drink while pregnant. Alcohol can cause life-long physical and behavioral problems in children, including fetal alcohol syndrome. Don't use illegal drugs. Using illegal drugs may cause underweight babies, birth defects or withdrawal symptoms after birth.

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Diet and substance abuse recovery
O'Connor PG. Alcohol abuse and dependence. In: Goldman L, Ausiello D. Cecil Medicine. 23rd ed. Philadelphia, Pa: Saunders Elsevier, 2007:chap 31.

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Chemical Warfare
When a hazardous chemical enters the environment, it can harm people's health. A chemical emergency can be an accident, as in the case of an industrial mishap. It could also be planned, as in the case of a terrorist attack with a chemical weapon. Although there are no guarantees of safety during a chemical emergency, you can take actions to protect yourself. You should have a disaster plan. Being prepared can help reduce fear, anxiety and losses.

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At-Risk Alcohol Use
At-risk alcohol use, also called hazardous drinking, occurs when heavy alcohol drinking increases your chance of having health problems. Alcohol is made up of a chemical called ethanol which may come from grains, or fruits, such as grapes. It is found in beer, wine, liquor, such as vodka and whiskey, and other adult drinks. Light to moderate drinking may give health benefits, such as a decreased risk for stroke and some heart diseases. Light to moderate drinking means having 1 to 2 drinks per day. One drink contains 12 grams of alcohol. "One drink" means one 12-ounce bottle of beer, or one 5-ounce glass of wine. One and one-half ounces (one jigger) of 90-proof distilled spirits is also thought of as "one drink."

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Alcohol misuse
If you are concerned that you are drinking hazardous amounts of alcohol it is likely that you will be referred to a short counselling session that is known as a brief intervention.

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Preventing Occupational Exposures to Antineoplastic and Other Hazardous Drugs in Healthcare Settings. NIOSH Alert 2004-165. OSHA Technical Manual, TED 1-0.15A, Section VI: Chapter 2. Controlling Occupational Exposure to Hazardous Drugs. OSHA, 1999. http://www.osha.gov/dts/osta/otm/otm_vi/otm_vi_2.html American Society of Health-System Pharmacists. ASHP guidelines on handling hazardous drugs. Am J Health-Syst Pharm. 2006,63:1172-1193. Polovich, M., White, J.M., & Kelleher, L.O. (eds.) 2005. Chemotherapy...

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Noise is all around you, from televisions and radios to lawn mowers and washing machines. Harmful sounds - sounds that are too loud or loud sounds over a long time - can damage sensitive structures of the inner ear and cause noise-induced hearing loss. More than 30 million people in the U.S. are exposed to hazardous sound levels on a regular basis. Hazardous sound levels are louder than 80 decibels, which isn't as loud as traffic on a busy street. Listening to loud music, especially on headphones, is a common cause of noise-induced hearing loss. Keeping the volume down when listening to music and wearing earplugs when using loud equipment can help protect your hearing.

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Controlling occupational exposure to hazardous drugs (OSHA Work-Practice Guidelines). Am J Health Syst Pharm 1996, 53: 1669-1685. National Study Commission on Cytotoxic Exposure - Recommendations for Handling Cytotoxic Agents. Available from Louis P. Jeffrey, Sc D, Chairman, National Study Commission on Cytotoxic Exposure, Massachusetts College of Pharmacy and Allied Health Sciences, 179 Longwood Ave., Boston, Massachusetts 02115. Clinical Oncological Society of Australia: Guidelines and recommendations...

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Fludarabine Injection
Preventing Occupational Exposures to Antineoplastic and Other Hazardous Drugs in Health Care Settings. NIOSH Alert 2004-165.

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