What is Hip replacement?

The most common problem that can arise as a result of a hip replacement is loosening of the joint, which usually occurs 10-15 years after surgery. This can be caused by the shaft of the prosthesis becoming loose or dislocated in the hollow of the thigh bone, or due to thinning of the bone around the implant. Another operation (revision surgery) is necessary in around 10% of all total hip replacement cases.

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Also known as hip arthroplasty, total hip arthroplasty
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Hip replacement

Hip replacement surgery, also called total hip arthroplasty, involves removing a diseased hip joint and replacing it with an artificial joint, called a prosthesis. Hip prostheses consist of a ball component, made of metal or ceramic, and a socket, which has an insert or liner made of plastic, ceramic or metal. The implants used in hip replacement are biocompatible meaning they're designed to be accepted by your body and they're made to resist corrosion, degradation and wear.

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Hip replacement

Hip replacement is surgery for people with severe hip damage. When you have a hip replacement, the surgeon removes damaged cartilage and bone from your hip joint and replaces them with new, man-made parts. This can relieve pain, help your hip joint work better, and improve your walking and other movements. Your doctor may recommend it if you have hip damage and pain, and physical therapy, medicines and exercise don't help. The most common problem after surgery is hip dislocation. Because a man-made hip is smaller than the original joint, the ball can come out of its socket. The surgery can also cause blood clots and infections. After a hip replacement, you might need to avoid certain activities, such as jogging and high-impact sports.

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Hip replacement

A hip replacement involves replacing your hip joint with an artificial version. The hip joint&nbsp,is a ball and socket joint. A hip replacement provides a long-term solution for worn or damaged hip joints, which can cause severe pain and loss of mobility.

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Minimally Invasive Hip Replacement

Hip replacement surgery is one of the most successful modern orthopedic surgical procedures. (Orthopedics is the branch of medicine dealing with bones.) Hip replacement surgeries use modern biomaterials. Biomaterials are synthetic or partially synthetic materials that are used to take the place of parts within the body. Use of these modern materials has allowed hip replacements to last well in appropriately selected patients. However, pain and other side effects associated with the surgical procedures remain a concern for many people.

Hip rose

Brier hip is a bushy shrub, varying in height from 2-13 feet, its numerous stems are covered with sharp spines and prickles. The leaves are odd-pinnate, usually consisting of 5-7 leaflets that are opposite, ovate, acute, serrate, and hairy beneath. The flowers are red, pale red, or nearly white and appear from May to July. The oblong, scarlet to orange-red fruit, or hip, contains many one-seeded achenes and ripens in the fall. There are literally 100s of species of rose, and to them and their varieties have been given thousands of names. The genus Rosa consists of prickly shrubs found wild or cultivated. Red roses are considered best for medicinal use. Other varieties used as rose hips: Rock-rose (Helianthemum canadense), Rosa californica, Cabbage rose (Rosa centifolia), Rosa Damascena, Rosa eglanteria, Rosa gallica, Rosa laevigata, Rosa roxburghii, Large-hip rose (Rosa rugosa), Rosa chinensis.

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Total Hip Replacement - Your Orthopaedic Connection - AAOS

Whether you have just begun exploring treatment options or have already decided with your orthopaedic surgeon to undergo hip replacement surgery, ...

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Hip replacement - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Hip replacement is a surgical procedure in which the hip joint is replaced by a prosthetic implant. Hip replacement surgery can be performed as a total ...

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Total Hip Replacement Recovery, Precautions, Rehabilitation ...

Mar 9, 2011 ... A total hip replacement is a surgical procedure whereby the diseased cartilage ... A total hip joint replacement is an elective procedure, ...

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What Is Hip Replacement? | ehealthMD

A total hip replacement (THR) - also called a hip arthroplasty- is a surgical procedure that re-forms the hip joint. In THR, the head of the femur (the bone ...

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Hip Replacement Surgery: What Happens, Recovery, Pain and More

A description of how hip replacement surgery can benefit those living with arthritis.

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Future prospects
There are several ways in which hip replacement surgery is being improved for the future. New stronger plastics for prosthetics are in development that will allow longer wear and better joint mobility, and enhancements are being made to resurfacing and new 'cementless' implants. Younger patients can be recommended newer types of joints such as ceramic on ceramic and ceramic on plastic.

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Getting ready
A couple of weeks before the operation you will usually be asked to attend a pre-operative assessment clinic to meet your surgeon and other members of the surgical team. They will take a medical history, examine you and organise any tests needed, to make sure you are healthy enough for an anaesthetic and surgery.

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How it is done
You will either receive a general anaesthetic, in which case you will be asleep, or a spinal (epidural) anaesthetic, which means you'll be awake but will lose feeling from the waist down.

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How you prepare
Before surgery you'll meet with your orthopedic surgeon for an examination. The surgeon will: Ask about your medical history and current medications; Do a brief general physical examination to make sure you're healthy enough to undergo surgery; Examine your hip, paying attention to the range of motion in your joint and the strength of the surrounding muscles; Order blood tests, an X-ray and possibly an MRI

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You will be lying flat on your back and may have a pillow between your legs to keep your hip in the correct position. The nursing staff will monitor your condition and you will have a large dressing on your leg to protect the wound.

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Hip replacement surgery is successful more than 90 percent of the time.

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Hip replacement surgery is generally safe, but as with any surgery, complications can occur. Although some complications are serious, most can be treated successfully. Complications of hip replacement include: Blood clots. Clots in your leg veins can form as a result of decreased movement of your leg after surgery, as well as from injury to the veins during surgery. Your doctor usually gives you blood-thinning medications after your surgery to try to prevent clots from forming. Compression devices, such as elastic stockings, and exercise to increase blood flow through the veins in your legs also can reduce your risk.; Infection. Infections can occur at the site of your incision and in the deeper tissue near your new hip. Most infections are treated with antibiotics, but a major infection near your prosthesis may require surgery to remove and replace the prosthesis.; Fracture. During surgery, healthy portions of your hip joint may fracture. Sometimes, the fractures are so small that they heal on their own, but larger fractures may be corrected during surgery with wires, cables or bone grafts.; Dislocation. Certain positions can cause the ball of your new joint to become dislodged. To avoid this, it is often recommended that after surgery you don't bend more than 90 degrees at the hip and don't let your leg cross the midline of your body. If the hip dislocates, your doctor may fit you with a brace to keep the hip in the correct position. If your hip keeps dislocating, surgery is often required to stabilize it.; Loosening. Over time your new joint may loosen, causing pain in your hip. Surgery might be needed to fix the problem.; Breakage of the prosthesis. Though rare, your artificial hip can break several years after surgery. Another surgery would be required to replace the broken joint.; Change in leg length. Your surgeon takes steps to avoid the problem, but occasionally your new hip may make your leg longer or shorter than the other one. Sometimes this is caused...

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What you can expect
When you check in for your surgery, you'll be asked to remove your clothes and put on a hospital gown. The first member of the medical team to visit may be the anesthesiologist. You'll be given either general anesthesia or a spinal block, which numbs the lower half of your body.

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Why it is done
Hip replacement is the most effective treatment for a hip joint that cannot function adequately and painlessly. The most common causes for surgery are...

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Why it's done
The goal of hip replacement surgery is to relieve pain and increase the mobility and function of a damaged hip joint. If a stiff, painful hip joint has forced you to cut back on everyday activities, successful surgery may allow you to resume them.

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