hypertension

What is Hypertension?


If left untreated, high blood pressure can cause many different types of cardiovascular disease, such as a stroke, heart attack, blood clot or aneurysm (a swollen, or burst, blood vessel).

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Also known as High Blood Pressure, hbp, blood pressure, high, blood pressure - high, htn, High Blood Pressures
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Hypertension information from trusted sources:

Hypertension - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Hypertension (HTN) or high blood pressure is a chronic medical condition in which the systemic arterial blood pressure is elevated. It is the opposite of ...

Read more on en.wikipedia.org

WHO | WHO/ISH Hypertension guidelines

Hypertension is already a highly prevalent cardiovascular risk factor worldwide because of increasing longevity and prevalence of contributing factors such ...

Read more on www.who.int

Hypertension definition - High Blood Pressure (Hypertension) and ...

Nov 29, 2010 ... Hypertension: High blood pressure, defined as a repeatedly elevated blood pressure exceeding 140 over 90 mmHg -- a systolic pressure above ...

Read more on www.medterms.com

Hypertension

Hypertension is the term used to describe high blood pressure. Blood pressure readings are measured in millimeters of mercury (mmHg) and usually given as two numbers. For example, 120 over 80 (written as 120/80 mmHg). The top number is your systolic pressure, the pressure created when your heart beats. It is considered high if it is consistently over 140. The bottom number is your diastolic pressure, the pressure inside blood vessels when the heart is at rest. It is considered high if it is consistently over 90. Either or both of these numbers may be too high. Pre-hypertension is when your systolic blood pressure is between 120 and 139 or your diastolic blood pressure is between 80 and 89 on multiple readings. If you have pre-hypertension, you are more likely to develop high blood pressure. See also: Blood pressure

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Hypertension

Aug 1, 2010 ... Hypertension Online Medical Reference - from definition and diagnosis through risk factors and treatments. Authored by Mohammed A. Rafey of ...

Pulmonary Hypertension, What Is

Pulmonary hypertension (PULL-mun-ary HI-per-TEN-shun), or PH, is increased pressure in the pulmonary arteries. These arteries carry blood from your heart to ...

Read more on www.nhlbi.nih.gov

Contents

Causes
Blood pressure measurements are the result of the force of the blood produced by the heart and the size and condition of the arteries.

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Diagnosis
Blood pressure is often measured using a device known as a sphygmomanometer. This device uses an inflatable cuff, and has a scale of mercury like a thermometer.

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Exams and Tests
Your health care provider will perform a physical exam and check your blood pressure. If the measurement is high, your doctor may think you have high blood pressure. The measurements need to be repeated over time, so that the diagnosis can be confirmed.

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Medical advice
If you have high blood pressure, you will have regularly scheduled appointments with your doctor.

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Outlook (Prognosis)
Most of the time, high blood pressure can be controlled with medicine and lifestyle changes.

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Possible Complications
Watch this video about:Hypertension - overview

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Prevention
Adults over 18 should have their blood pressure checked routinely.

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Symptoms
Most of the time, there are no symptoms. Symptoms that may occur include: Chest pain ; Confusion; Ear noise or buzzing; Irregular heartbeat; Nosebleed; Tiredness; Vision changes

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Treatment
Treatment for high blood pressure will depend on your blood pressure levels and your associated risk of developing a cardiovascular disease, such as a stroke.

Read more on www.nhs.uk