What is Hypoglycemia?

Hypoglycemia occurs when your blood sugar (glucose) level falls too low. There are a number of reasons why this may happen, the most common being a side effect of drugs used for the treatment of diabetes. But to understand how hypoglycemia happens, it helps to know how your body normally regulates blood sugar production, absorption and storage.

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Also known as low blood sugar, insulin shock, Reactive Hypoglycemia, Fasting Hypoglycemia, Postprandial Hypoglycemia, Postabsorptive Hypoglycemia
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Hypoglycemia information from trusted sources:

Hypoglycemia - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Hypoglycemia or hypoglycæmia is the medical term for a state produced by a lower than normal level of blood glucose. The term literally means "under-sweet ...

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Hypoglycemia: eMedicine Pediatrics: General Medicine

Nov 4, 2009 ... Overview: Hypoglycemia may be considered a biochemical symptom, indicating the presence of an underlying cause. Because glucose is the ...

Read more on emedicine.medscape.com


Hypoglycemia is a condition characterized by an abnormally low level of blood sugar (glucose), your body's main energy source.

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Safety & Availability (Biologics) > Fatal Iatrogenic Hypoglycemia ...

Jun 18, 2009 ... In July 2005, the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) received a case report of an elderly male diabetic patient who received a 10% ...

Read more on www.fda.gov


to hypoglycemia is impaired and other hormones such as epinephrine, also called ... hypoglycemia can lead to seizures, coma, and even death. ...

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Neonatal hypoglycemia

Neonatal hypoglycemia is low blood sugar (glucose) in the first few days after birth.

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children with DIABETES - Hypoglycemia

Jul 26, 2010 ... Hypoglycemia (low blood sugar) is an emergency that must be treated immediately. Without treatment, a low blood sugar may progress to ...

Hypoglycemia Causes, Diagnosis, Symptoms, and Treatment on ...

Nov 29, 2010 ... Learn about hypoglycemia, which is caused by low blood sugar. The symptoms of hypoglycemia may include anxiety, sweating, tremor, ...

Read more on www.medicinenet.com


Mar 1, 2010 ... component of the body's defense against hypoglycemia. ... Name the causes and symptoms of hyper- and hypoglycemia in this population to ...

Read more on www.kidney.org


If you ignore the symptoms of hypoglycemia too long, you may lose consciousness. That's because your brain needs glucose to function. Recognize the signs and symptoms of hypoglycemia early because untreated, hypoglycemia can lead to seizures, loss of consciousness and even death.

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Exams and Tests
Home monitoring of blood sugar will show readings lower than 50 mg/dL.

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Medical advice
If you have what appear to be symptoms of hypoglycemia, see your doctor. Hypoglycemia, if confirmed, can be an indication of any number of illnesses, all of which can be serious. By seeing your doctor, you can begin the process of having the underlying illness identified and treated.

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Possible Complications
Untreated, hypoglycemia from too much insulin can lead to loss of consciousness and coma. Severe hypoglycemia is a medical emergency that may result in seizures and permanent damage to the nervous system if not treated. Severe hypoglycemia that results in unconsciousness is also called insulin shock.

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Your brain needs a steady supply of sugar (glucose), for it neither stores nor manufactures its own energy supply. If glucose levels become too low, as occurs with hypoglycemia, it can have these effects on your brain: Confusion, abnormal behavior or both, such as the inability to complete routine tasks; Visual disturbances, such as double vision and blurred vision; Seizures, though uncommon; Loss of consciousness, though uncommon

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Tests and diagnosis
To diagnose hypoglycemia, your doctor will use Whipple's triad, a diagnostic approach named after the American surgeon Allen Whipple. Whipple's triad includes the following factors: Signs and symptoms of hypoglycemia. You may not exhibit signs and symptoms of hypoglycemia during your initial visit with your doctor. In this case, your doctor may have you fast overnight. This will allow hypoglycemic symptoms to occur so that he or she can make a diagnosis. It's also possible that you'll need to undergo an extended fast in a hospital setting. Or, if your symptoms occur after a meal, your doctor will want to test your glucose levels after a meal. Documentation of low blood glucose when the signs...

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Treatments and drugs
Treatment of hypoglycemia involves two basic approaches: Immediate initial treatment to raise your blood sugar level Treatment of the underlying condition that's causing your hypoglycemia, to prevent it from recurring

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