hypogonadism

What is hypogonadism?


The cause of hypogonadism may be "primary" or "central." In primary hypogonadism, the ovaries or testes themselves do not function properly. Some causes of primary hypogonadism include:Certain autoimmune disorders; Genetic and developmental disorders; Infection; Liver and kidney disease; Radiation; Surgery; Bleeding; Genetic problems; Infections; Nutritional deficiencies; Iron excess (hemochromatosis); Radiation Rapid, significant weight loss; Surgery; Trauma; Tumors

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Also known as Hypogonadotropic Hypogonadism, Hypergonadotropic Hypogonadism, gonadal deficiency
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Hypogonadism

Hypogonadism is when the sex glands produce little or no hormones. In men, these glands (gonads) are the testes, in women, they are the ovaries.

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Male hypogonadism

Male hypogonadism is a condition in which the body doesn't produce enough of the hormone testosterone the hormone that plays a key role in masculine growth and development during puberty.

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Hypogonadism - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Hypogonadism is a medical term for decreased functional activity of the gonads. Low testosterone is caused by a decline or deficiency in gonadal production ...

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Male Hypogonadism

Jan 1, 2009 ... Male Hypogonadism Online Medical Reference - pathophysiology, signs and symptoms, and treatment options. Authored by Charles Faiman of the ...

Hypogonadism: eMedicine Pediatrics: General Medicine

Apr 21, 2010 ... Overview: Hypogonadism manifests differently in males and in females before and after the onset of puberty. If onset is in prepubertal males ...

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Hypogonadism - AACE - American Association of Clinical ...

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Hypogonadism definition - Medical Dictionary definitions of ...

Mar 10, 2011 ... Hypogonadism: A condition in which decreased production of gonadal hormones leads to below-normal function of the gonads and to retardation ...

Read more on www.medterms.com

Hypogonadism

Dec 24, 2005 ... Hypogonadism is a reduction or absent of hormones being secreted from the sex glands (gonads).

Read more on menshealth.about.com

Testosterone Replacement Therapy for Male Hypogonadism: Part III ...

by A Seftel - Cited by 25 - Related articles

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Hypogonadism | Hypogonadism Resource Center | Medscape

Male hypogonadism, or testosterone deficiency, results either from a disorder of the testes (primary hypogonadism) or of the hypothalamus or pituitary ...

Read more on www.medscape.com

Contents

Exams and Tests
Tests may be done that check estrogen level (women) and testosterone level (men) as well as FSH level and LH level, the pituitary hormones that stimulate the gonads. Other tests may include a thyroid level; sperm count; prolactin level (milk hormone); blood tests for anemia, chemistries, and iron; and genetic analysis.

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Medical advice
Consult with your doctor if you notice loss of menstruation, breast discharge, problems getting pregnant, hot flashes (women), impotence, loss of body hair, weakness, breast enlargement (men), or problems with your sex drive. Both men and women should call their health care providers if headaches or visual problems occur.

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Outlook (Prognosis)
Many forms of hypogonadism are potentially treatable and have a good prognosis.

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Possible Complications
In women, hypogonadism may cause infertility. Menopause is a form of hypogonadism that occurs naturally and can cause hot flashes, vaginal dryness, and irritability as a woman's estrogen levels fall. The risk of osteoporosis and heart disease increase after menopause.

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Prevention
Maintain normal body weight and healthy eating habits to prevent anorexia nervosa. Other causes may not be preventable.

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Symptoms
In girls, hypogonadism during childhood will result in lack of menstruation and breast development and short height. If hypogonadism occurs after puberty, symptoms include loss of menstruation, low libido, hot flashes, and loss of body hair.

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Treatment
Hormone-based medicines are available for men and women. Estrogen comes in the form of a patch or pill. Testosterone can be given by using a patch, a product soaked in by the gums, a gel, or by injection. For women who have not had their uterus removed, combination treatment with estrogen and progesterone is often recommended to decrease the chances of developing endometrial cancer. In addition, low dose testosterone can be added for women with hypogonadism who have a low sex drive. In some...

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