What is hypokalemia prophylaxis?

Hypokalemia (hi-po-kah-LE-me-ah) is a condition where the level of potassium in your blood is lower than normal. Potassium is an electrolyte (mineral) that is normally found in the body and keeps your body working properly. Potassium helps control how your muscles, heart, and digestive system work by moving into and out of cells. Most of the potassium in the body is found inside the cells. Hypokalemia happens when too little potassium stays in the blood. Hypokalemia may be more serious in people with heart problems.

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hypokalemia prophylaxis information from trusted sources:

Potassium test

A potassium test is used to measure levels of potassium. Your doctor may suggest that you have a potassium test if they suspect high blood pressure (hypertension) or kidney disease.

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Acetazolamide prophylaxis in hypokalemic periodic paralysis.

by JS Resnick - 1968 - Cited by 41 - Related articles

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Kaochlor-10 Drug Information, Professional

Jul 11, 1995 ... Hypokalemia (prophylaxis)—Potassium supplements are indicated to ..... Hypokalemia (prophylaxis) Oral, the equivalent of 16 to 24 mEq of ...

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Diflucan (Fluconazole) Drug Information: User Reviews, Side ...

Prophylaxis. DIFLUCAN is also indicated to decrease the incidence of candidiasis ..... Metabolic: Hypercholesterolemia, hypertriglyceridemia, hypokalemia. ...

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Periodic Paralyses: Treatment & Medication - eMedicine Neurology

Nov 25, 2010 ... Prophylactic treatment is necessary when the attacks are frequent. Hypokalemic periodic paralyses. During attacks, oral potassium ...

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MAXZIDE (triamterene and hydrochlorothiazide) combines triamterene, a potassium-conserving diuretic, with the natriuretic agent, hydrochlorothiazide. This fixed combination drug is not indicated for the initial therapy of edema or hypertension except in individuals in whom the development of hypokalemia cannot be risked.

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To determine whether your potassium concentration is within normal limits and to help evaluate an electrolyte imbalance, to monitor chronic or acute hyperkalemia or hypokalemia

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Diabetic Ketoacidosis

Diabetic ketoacidosis is treated with fluids, electrolytes and insulin. Perhaps surprisingly, the most common complications of diabetic ketoacidosis are related to this lifesaving treatment: Low blood sugar (hypoglycemia). Insulin allows sugar to enter your cells. This causes your blood sugar level to drop. If your blood sugar level drops too quickly, you may develop low blood sugar. Low potassium (hypokalemia). The fluids used to treat diabetic ketoacidosis may cause your potassium level to drop too low. A low potassium level can impair the activities of your heart, muscles and nerves. Swelling in the brain (cerebral edema). Adjusting your blood sugar level too quickly can produce swelling...

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Reply from the Authors : Periodic paralysis

by I Kantola - 1996

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Hypokalemic Periodic Paralysis: A Model for a Clinical and ...

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Hypokalemia is a lower-than-normal amount of potassium in the blood.

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Potassium test
This test measures the amount of potassium in the blood. Potassium (K+) helps nerves and muscles communicate. It also helps move nutrients into cells and waste products out of cells. Potassium levels in the body are mainly controlled by the hormone aldosterone. See also: Aldosterone test

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Hypokalemic periodic paralysis
Hypokalemic periodic paralysis is an inherited disorder that causes occasional episodes of muscle weakness. It is one of a group of genetic disorders that includes hyperkalemic periodic paralysis and thyrotoxic periodic paralysis.

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Hypokalemia can sensitize or exaggerate the response of the heart to the toxic effects of digitalis (e.g., increased ventricular irritability).

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For the treatment of patients with hypokalemia with or without metabolic alkalosis, in digitalis intoxication, and in patients with hypokalemic familial periodic paralysis. If hypokalemia is the result of diuretic therapy, consideration should be given to the use of a lower dose of diuretic, which may be sufficient without leading to hypokalemia. For the prevention of hypokalemia in patients who would be at particular risk if hypokalemia were to develop, e.g., digitalized patients or patients...

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Mineral metabolism disorders
Minerals that play a large role in the body include: Calcium , Magnesium , Phosphorus , Potassium , Selenium , Sodium , Disorders of phosphorus metabolism: Hypophosphatemia , Osteomalacia , Rickets , Rhabdomyolysis , Hyperparathyroidism , Hypoparathyroidism , Disorders of potassium metabolism: Bartter syndrome , Periodic paralysis with hypokalemia, Hypokalemic periodic paralysis , Hyperaldosteronism - primary and secondary , Cushing's disease , Proximal renal tubular acidosis , Distal renal...

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Bartter Syndrome
Bartter syndrome refers to a rare group of conditions that affect the kidneys. People with Bartter syndrome have a loss of potassium (hypokalemic alkalosis) and a rise in the hormone aldosterone. See also: Aldosterone test

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Sodium retention. Fluid retention. Congestive heart failure in susceptible patients. Potassium loss. Hypokalemic alkalosis. Hypertension.

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(listed alphabetically under each subsection): Fluid and Electrolyte Disturbances: Congestive heart failure in susceptible patients, fluid retention, hypertension, hypokalemic alkalosis, potassium loss, sodium retention.

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Fluid and Electrolyte Disturbances: Congestive heart failure in susceptible patients, fluid retention, hypertension, hypokalemic alkalosis, potassium loss, sodium retention.

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Most adverse reactions are caused by the drug's mineralocorticoid activity (retention of sodium and water) and include hypertension, edema, cardiac enlargement, congestive heart failure, potassium loss, and hypokalemic alkalosis.

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