invitrofertilization

What is In Vitro Fertilization?


Normally, an egg and sperm are fertilized inside a woman's body. If the fertilized egg attaches to the lining of the womb and continues to grow, a baby is born about 9 months later. This process is called natural or unassisted conception.

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Also known as ivf, artificial insemination, Test-Tube Babies, Test-Tube Baby, Test Tube Babies, assisted reproductive technology, gamete intrafallopian transfer, Fertilization in Vitro, Test Tube Fertilization, Test-Tube Fertilization, In Vitro Fertilizations, test-tube baby procedure, Test-Tube Fertilizations, Fertilizations in Vitro
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In Vitro Fertilization

Infertility is the inability of a couple to become pregnant (regardless of cause) after 1 year of unprotected sexual intercourse -using no birth control methods. Infertility affects about 6.1 million people in the United States, about 10% of men and women of reproductive age. New and advanced technologies to help a woman become pregnant include in vitro fertilization (IVF), intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI), and other similar procedures.

In Vitro Fertilization

In vitro fertilization (IVF) is the joining of a woman's egg and a man's sperm in a laboratory dish. In vitro means “outside the body.” Fertilization means the sperm has attached to and entered the egg. See also: Infertility Infertility resources

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Floaters

Floaters are small pieces of debris that ‘float' in the vitreous humour of the eye. They occur behind the lens (the transparent window through which light enters the eye), and in front of the retina (the light sensitive tissue that lines the back of the eye).

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Flashes and Floaters

Flashes and floaters describes a condition that comes from changes in the back chamber of the eye (the posterior chamber, also known as the vitreous cavity). The posterior chamber is filled with a material called vitreous (the vitreous body) which, at birth, is jelly-like in consistency. With normal aging, the vitreous begins to break down into a mixture of clear liquid and pieces of debris, which appear as specks of dust, lint, lines, branching twigs, or spiders. Ultimately, the vitreous becomes so loose that it often detaches from its normal attachments to the retina. When this occurs, it is called a posterior vitreous detachment (PVD). After the posterior vitreous detachment has occurred, one will often see a fairly large, ring-like floater. About 15% of people with a posterior vitreous detachment also have an associated retinal tear, which requires medical attention.

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OZURDEX

OZURDEX is an intravitreal implant containing 0.7 mg (700 μg) dexamethasone in the NOVADUR solid polymer drug delivery system. OZURDEX is preloaded into a single-use, specially designed DDS applicator to facilitate injection of the rod-shaped implant directly into the vitreous. The NOVADUR system contains poly (D,L-lactide-co-glycolide) PLGA intravitreal polymer matrix. OZURDEX is preservative-free. The chemical name for dexamethasone is pregna-1,4-diene-3,20-dione, 9-fluoro-11,17,21-trihydoxy-16-methyl-,(11β,16α). Its structural formula is:MW 392.47, molecular formula: C22H29FO5. OZURDEX contains a corticosteroid indicated for the treatment of macular edema following branch retinal vein occlusion (BRVO) or central retinal vein occlusion (CRVO). (1)...

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Eye floaters

Eye floaters look like black or gray specks, strings or cobwebs that drift about when you move your eyes. Most eye floaters are caused by age-related changes that occur as the jelly-like substance (vitreous humor) inside your eyes becomes more liquid.

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Betoptic Pilo

In multi-center controlled clinical trials of BetopticPilo Ophthalmic Suspension the adverse events reported in an approximately 5 to 20% incidence of patients were: headaches, blurred vision, dim vision, abnormal vision, and vitreous disorder.

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In vitro fertilisation - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

In vitro fertilisation (IVF) is a process by which egg cells are fertilised by sperm outside the body, in vitro. IVF is a major treatment in infertility ...

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In VItro Fertilization (IVF) Treatment for Infertility

Learn more about in vitro fertilization -- or IVF -- including how it's done and success rates.

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In vitro fertilization definition - Medical Dictionary definitions ...

Mar 10, 2011 ... In vitro fertilization: IVF, a laboratory procedure in which sperm are placed with an unfertilized egg in a Petri dish to achieve ...

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Contents

After the Procedure
Statistics vary from one clinic to another and must be carefully interpreted.

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Indications
IVF is done to help a woman become pregnant. It is used to treat many causes of infertility, including:Advanced age of the woman (advanced maternal age); Damaged or blocked fallopian tubes (can be caused by pelvic inflammatory disease or prior reproductive surgery); Endometriosis ; Male factor infertility, including decreased sperm count and blockage; Unexplained infertility

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Outlook (Prognosis)
After embryo transfer, the woman may be told to rest for the remainder of the day. Complete bed rest is not necessary, unless there is an increased risk of OHSS. Most women return to normal activities the next day.

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Risks
IVF requires a significant physical, emotional, financial, and time commitment. Stress and depression are common among couples dealing with infertility. A woman taking fertility medicines may have bloating, abdominal pain, mood swings, headaches, and other side effects. Many IVF medicines must be given by injection, often several times a day. (The health care team will teach the couple how to properly mix the medicines and give a shot.) Repeated injections can cause bruising.

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