kneereplacementarthroplasty

What is knee replacement arthroplasty?


Hip replacement is surgery for people with severe hip damage. When you have a hip replacement, the surgeon removes damaged cartilage and bone from your hip joint and replaces them with new, man-made parts. This can relieve pain, help your hip joint work better, and improve your walking and other movements. Your doctor may recommend it if you have hip damage and pain, and physical therapy, medicines and exercise don't help. The most common problem after surgery is hip dislocation. Because a man-made hip is smaller than the original joint, the ball can come out of its socket. The surgery can also cause blood clots and infections. After a hip replacement, you might need to avoid certain activities, such as jogging and high-impact sports.

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Knee replacement

Knee replacement surgery also known as total knee arthroplasty (ARTH-ro-plas-tee) can help relieve pain and restore function in severely diseased knee joints. During knee replacement, a surgeon cuts away damaged bone and cartilage from your thighbone, shinbone and kneecap and replaces it with an artificial joint (prosthesis) made of metal alloys, high-grade plastics and polymers.

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Knee replacement

If you're offered a knee replacement you'll normally be experiencing severe pain, swelling and stiffness in your knee joint, and will usually have a significantly reduced ability to move the joint.

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Lovenox

Lovenox is a sterile aqueous solution containing enoxaparin sodium, a low molecular weight heparin. The pH of the injection is 5.5 to 7.5. Lovenox is a low molecular weight heparin [LMWH] indicated for: 1.1 Prophylaxis of Deep Vein Thrombosis 1.2 Treatment of Acute Deep Vein Thrombosis 1.3 Prophylaxis of Ischemic Complications of Unstable Angina and Non-Q-Wave Myocardial Infarction 1.4 Treatment of Acute ST-Segment Elevation Myocardial Infarction 2 DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION 2.1 Adult Dosage 2.2 Renal Impairment 2.3 Geriatric Patients with Acute ST-Segment Elevation Myocardial Infarction 2.4 Administration 3 DOSAGE FORMS AND STRENGTHS 3.1 100 mg/mL Concentration 3.2 150 mg/mL Concentration 4 CONTRAINDICATIONS 5 WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS 5.1 Increased Risk of Hemorrhage 5.2 Percutaneous Coronary Revascularization Procedures 5.3 Use of Lovenox with Concomitant Medical Conditions 5.4 History of Heparin-Induced Thrombocytopenia 5.5 Thrombocytopenia 5.6 Interchangeability with Other Heparins 5.7 Pregnant Women with Mechanical Prosthetic Heart Valves 5.8 Benzyl Alcohol 5.9 Laboratory Tests 6 ADVERSE REACTIONS 6.1 Clinical Trials Experience 6.2 Postmarketing Experience 7 DRUG INTERACTIONS 8 USE IN SPECIFIC POPULATIONS 8.1 Pregnancy 8.3 Nursing Mothers 8.4 Pediatric Use 8.5 Geriatric Use 8.6 Patients with Mechanical Prosthetic Heart Valves 8.7 Renal Impairment 8.8 Hepatic Impairment 8.9 Low-Weight Patients 10 OVERDOSAGE 11 DESCRIPTION 12 CLINICAL PHARMACOLOGY 12.1 Mechanism of Action 12.2 Pharmacodynamics 12.3 Pharmacokinetics 13 NONCLINICAL TOXICOLOGY 13.1 Carcinogenesis, Mutagenesis, Impairment of Fertility 13.2 Animal Toxicology and/or Pharmacology 13.3 Reproductive and Developmental Toxicology 14 CLINICAL STUDIES 14.1 Prophylaxis of Deep Vein Thrombosis Following Abdominal Surgery in Patients at Risk for Thromboembolic Complications 14.2 Prophylaxis of Deep Vein Thrombosis Following Hip or Knee Replacement Surgery 14.3 Prophylaxis of Deep Vein Thrombosis in Medical Patients...

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Total knee replacement (arthroplasty)

Total knee replacement, or total knee arthroplasty, is a surgical procedure in which parts of the knee joint are replaced with artificial parts (prostheses) ...

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Knee replacement - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Knee replacement, or knee arthroplasty, is a surgical procedure to replace the weight-bearing surfaces of the knee joint to relieve the pain and disability ...

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Minimally Invasive Total Knee Replacement - Your Orthopaedic ...

Total knee replacement (knee arthroplasty) is a surgery that is performed for severe degenerative disease of the knee joint. More than 542000 people undergo ...

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Total Knee Arthroplasty: eMedicine Clinical Procedures

Sep 21, 2010 ... Total knee arthroplasty. A total knee replacement prosthesis before implantation. [ CLOSE WINDOW ]. Total knee arthroplasty. A total knee ...

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ORLive, Inc.: Minimally Invasive Total Knee Replacement Arthroplasty

Orthopedics: See a "Minimally Invasive Primary Total Knee Arthroplasty" in a live webcast originally aired on March 22, 2004 8:00PM from the Tift Regional ...

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Knee1.com - FAQs: Knee replacement (arthroplasty)

Also gaining in popularity are unicompartmental arthroplasties. A unicompartmental knee replacement replaces only half of a knee, this allows the patient to ...

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Lovenox

Lovenox is indicated for the prophylaxis of deep vein thrombosis (DVT), which may lead to pulmonary embolism (PE): in patients undergoing abdominal surgery who are at risk for thromboembolic complications [see Clinical Studies ]. in patients undergoing hip replacement surgery, during and following hospitalization. in patients undergoing knee replacement surgery. in medical patients who are at risk for thromboembolic complications due to severely restricted mobility during acute illness. Treatment...

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Contents

Unicompartmental knee arthroplasty
Unicompartmental knee arthroplasty (UKA) is surgery to replace either the inside (medial) or outside (lateral) compartments of the knee. Because only part of the damaged knee is replaced, it is often called a partial knee replacement. See also: Total knee replacement

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Minimally Invasive Knee Replacement
Knee replacement surgery is one of the most successful modern orthopedic procedures. (Orthopedics is the branch of medicine dealing with the bones.) Knee replacement surgeries use modern biomaterials. Biomaterials are synthetic or partially synthetic materials that are used to take the place of parts within the body. Use of these modern materials has allowed knee replacements to last well in appropriately selected patients. However, pain and other side effects associated with the surgical procedure remain a concern for many people. In particular, people are concerned about the uncomfortable physical therapy that is often required after knee replacement surgery to regain muscle strength and mobility.

Knee Joint Replacement
Knee joint replacement is surgery to replace a knee joint with an artificial joint. The artificial joint is called a prosthesis.

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Knee replacement
Knee replacement is surgery for people with severe knee damage. Knee replacement can relieve pain and allow you to be more active. Your doctor may recommend it if you have knee pain and medicine and other treatments are not helping you anymore. When you have a total knee replacement, the surgeon removes damaged cartilage and bone from the surface of your knee joint and replaces them with a man-made surface of metal and plastic. In a partial knee replacement, the surgeon only replaces one part of your knee joint. The surgery can cause scarring, blood clots and, rarely, infections. After a knee replacement, you will no longer be able to do certain activities, such as jogging and high-impact sports.

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Knee osteotomy
In most cases, knee osteotomy relieves arthritis pain and postpones the need for a total knee replacement by 10 to 15 years.

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Enoxaparin Injection
Enoxaparin is used to prevent blood clots in the leg in patients who are on bedrest or who are having hip replacement, knee replacement, or stomach surgery. It is used in combination with aspirin to prevent complications from angina (chest pain) and heart attacks. It is also used in combination with warfarin to treat blood clots in the leg. Enoxaparin is in a class of medications called low molecular weight heparins. It works by stopping the formation of substances that cause clots.

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Knee microfracture surgery
Microfracture surgery is done on people who have small amounts of damage in the cartilage of their knee joint and on the underside of their kneecap. This surgery can help people avoid the need for a partial or total knee replacement. It is also used to treat pain in the knee from cartilage injuries.

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Ardeparin
Ardeparin is used to prevent deep venous thrombosis, a condition in which harmful blood clots form in the blood vessels of the legs. These blood clots can travel to the lungs and can become lodged in the blood vessels of the lungs, causing a condition called pulmonary embolism. Ardeparin is used for several days after knee replacement surgery, while you are unable to walk. It is during this time that blood clots are most likely to form. Ardeparin also may be used for other conditions as determined by your doctor.

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Enoxaparin
Enoxaparin is used to prevent deep venous thrombosis, a condition in which harmful blood clots form in the blood vessels of the legs. These blood clots can travel to the lungs and can become lodged in the blood vessels of the lungs, causing a condition called pulmonary embolism. This medicine is used for several days after hip or knee replacement surgery, and in some cases following abdominal surgery, while you are unable to walk. It is during this time that blood clots are most likely to form. Enoxaparin is also used if you are unable to get out of bed because of a serious illness. In addition, enoxaparin is used to prevent blood clots from forming in the arteries of the heart during certain types of chest pain and heart attacks.

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Knee braces
Knee braces for osteoarthritis are devices worn around your knee that are designed to take pressure off the part of your knee joint that is most narrowed and affected by arthritis. Knee braces may offer support to your knee, which can make you feel more confident about using your knee as you go about your daily tasks. Knee braces may also help to properly align your knee to help reduce osteoarthritis pain.

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Arixtra
Fondaparinux is used to prevent deep vein thrombosis, a condition in which harmful blood clots form in the blood vessels of the legs. These blood clots can travel to the lungs and can become lodged in the blood vessels of the lungs, causing a condition called pulmonary embolism. This medicine is used for several days after hip fracture surgery, hip or knee replacement surgery, and in some cases following abdominal surgery, while you are unable to walk. It is during this time that blood clots are most likely to form.

Read more on www.mayoclinic.com