lactation

What is lactation?


Breast feeding offers many benefits to your baby. Breast milk contains the right balance of nutrients to help your infant grow into a strong and healthy toddler. Some of the nutrients in breast milk also help protect your infant against some common childhood illnesses and infections. It may also help your health. Certain types of cancer may occur less often in mothers who have breastfed their babies. Women who don't have health problems should try to give their babies breast milk for at least the first six months of life. There are some cases when it's better not to breast feed. If you have HIV or active tuberculosis, you should not breast feed because you could give the infection to your baby. Certain medicines, illegal drugs, and alcohol can also pass through the breast milk and cause harm to your baby.

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Breastfeeding

Breast milk is the ideal form of nutrition for a baby. It is nutritionally balanced, with the perfect amount of proteins, carbohydrates, fats, vitamins, and iron to help the baby grow. Breast milk also changes to suit the different needs of your baby as it grows.

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Sodium Lactate

Sodium Lactate Injection, USP 50 mEq (5 mEq/mL), is a sterile, nonpyrogenic, concentrated solution of sodium lactate in water for injection. The solution is administered after dilution by the intravenous route as an electrolyte replenisher and systemic alkalizer. It should not be administered undiluted. Each 10 mL vial contains sodium lactate, anhydrous 5.6 g (50 mEq each of Na+ and lactate anion). The solution contains no bacteriostat, antimicrobial agent or added buffer. Contains hydrochloric acid for pH adjustment. The osmolar concentration is 10 mOsmol/mL (calc.). When diluted with water for injection to make a 1/6 molar solution, the pH of sodium lactate injection is 6.5 (6.0 to 7.3). Sodium Lactate Injection, USP 50 mEq (5 mEq/mL), is primarily indicated, after dilution, as a source of bicarbonate for prevention or control of mild to moderate metabolic acidosis in patients with restricted oral intake whose oxidative processes are not seriously impaired. It is not intended nor effective for correcting severe acidotic states which require immediate restoration of plasma bicarbonate levels. Sodium lactate has no advantage over sodium bicarbonate and may be detrimental in the management of lactic acidosis.

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Lactation

Here is detailed information on storage and handling of breastmilk. Also included is an explanation of relactation and induced lactation.

Healthier Worksite Initiative - HWI: Toolkits: Lactation Support ...

Jan 6, 2010 ... This toolkit provides an example of how to create a comprehensive lactation, or breastfeeding, support program for nursing mothers at the ...

Read more on www.cdc.gov

Human Milk and Lactation: eMedicine Pediatrics: Cardiac Disease ...

Dec 14, 2010 ... Overview: Breast milk is thought to be the best form of nutrition for neonates and infants. The properties of human milk facilitate the ...

Read more on emedicine.medscape.com

Breastfeeding: Using a Lactation Aid

A lactation aid is a device which allows a breastfeeding mother to supplement her baby with expressed breastmilk, formula without using an artificial ...

Read more on pediatrics.about.com

Alcohol' s Effect on Lactation

by J Mennella - Cited by 29 - Related articles

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Antidepressants May Delay Lactation

Jan 27, 2010 ... Early research suggests a link between antidepressant use and breastfeeding difficulties in new moms.

Read more on www.webmd.com

AMMONIUM LACTATE

Treats dry, scaly skin conditions called xerosis (zer-OH-sis) or itchthyosis (ik-thee-OH-sis).

Read more on www.pdrhealth.com

Lactation suppression: Can medication help? - MayoClinic.com

Medications for lactation suppression pose serious safety concerns.

Read more on www.mayoclinic.com

Contents

Breastfeeding
Breastfeeding is giving human breast milk to infants to meet their nutritional needs. See also: Age-appropriate diet for children Breastfeeding - self-care Breastfeeding tips Formula feeding Overcoming breastfeeding problems

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Lactic Acid
To help detect hypoxia and other conditions that cause excess production or insufficient clearing of lactate from the blood

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Lactic acidosis
Lactic acidosis is when lactic acid builds ups in the blood stream faster than it can be removed. Lactic acid is produced when oxygen levels in the body drop.

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Lactic acid test
Lactic acid is mainly produced in muscle cells and red blood cells. It forms when the body breaks down carbohydrates to use for energy during times of low oxygen levels. Your body's oxygen level might drop during intense exercise or if you have an infection or disease. A test can be done to measure the amount of lactic acid in the blood.

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Lactate dehydrogenase, Total and Isoenzymes
To help identify the cause and location of tissue damage in the body and to monitor its progress, LDH is elevated in a wide variety of conditions, reflecting its widespread tissue distribution, historically, it has been used to help diagnose and monitor a heart attack, but troponin has largely replaced LDH in this role.

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Lactate dehydrogenase test
The lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) test measures the amount of LDH in the blood. See also: LDH isoenzymes

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Sodium Lactate
Sodium Lactate Injection, USP (M/6 Sodium Lactate) is a sterile, nonpyrogenic solution for fluid and electrolyte replenishment and caloric supply in a single dose container for intravenous administration. It contains no antimicrobial agents. The pH may have been adjusted with lactic acid. Composition, osmolarity, pH, ionic concentration and caloric content are shown in Table 1. Sodium Lactate Injection, USP is indicated as a source of water, electrolytes, and calories or as an alkalinizing agent.

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AMMONIUM LACTATE
*Ammonium Lactate Lotion, 12% specially formulates 12% lactic acid neutralized with ammonium hydroxide, as ammonium lactate to provide a lotion pH of 4.5 - 5.5. It also contains cetyl alcohol, fragrance, glycerin, glyceryl stearate, light mineral oil, magnesium aluminum silicate, methylcellulose, methylparaben, polyethylene glycol-100 stearate, polyoxyethylene 4 lauryl ether, polyoxyl 40 stearate, propylene glycol, propylparaben, and purified water. Lactic acid is a racemic mixture of 2-hydroxypropanoic acid and has the following structural formula:... ... Ammonium Lactate Lotion, 12% is indicated for the treatment of dry, scaly skin (xerosis) and ichthyosis vulgaris, and for the temporary relief of itching associated with these conditions.

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milrinone lactate in dextrose
Milrinone Lactate in 5% Dextrose Injection is a sterile, aqueous solution of milrinone in 5% dextrose. It is administered by the intravenous route. It is premixed and requires no further dilution. Milrinone Lactate in 5% Dextrose Injection is indicated for the short-term intravenous treatment of patients with acute decompensated heart failure. Patients receiving milrinone should be observed closely with appropriate electrocardiographic equipment. The facility for immediate treatment of potential cardiac events, which may include life-threatening ventricular arrhythmias, must be available. The majority of experience with intravenous milrinone has been in patients receiving digoxin and diuretics. There is no experience in controlled trials with infusions of milrinone for periods exceeding 48 hours.

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Lactation - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Lactation describes the secretion of milk from the mammary glands and the period of time that a mother lactates to feed her young. The process occurs in all ...

Read more on en.wikipedia.org
Lactation definition - Medical Dictionary definitions of popular ...
Mar 16, 2011 ... Lactation: The process of milk production. Human milk is secreted by the mammary glands, which are located within the fatty tissue of the ...

Read more on www.medterms.com