What is low sperm count?

Although in many cases the exact cause isn't always clear, possible reasons for low sperm count include: Varicocele. This is a swollen vein inside the scrotum that can affect sperm production. This common cause of male infertility can be repaired with minor surgery. Damaged sperm ducts. Inherited conditions, infections, surgeries or injuries can damage the delicate duct system that carries sperm from the testicles into the penis. Anti-sperm antibodies. Men who have anti-sperm antibodies have an immune system response that attacks their own sperm. Common in men who have had a vasectomy reversal, this condition can also be caused by other problems such as an injury or infection. Problems with...

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Low sperm count

Low sperm count (oligospermia) is one cause of male infertility. Although it takes only a single sperm to fertilize an egg (ovum), the odds of a single sperm reaching the egg are very low. For this reason, having a low sperm count decreases your chance of getting your partner pregnant.

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Semen analysis

To learn about the health of your reproductive organs, particularly if your partner is having trouble becoming pregnant, or after a vasectomy to determine if the operation was successful

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Testicular torsion

Testicular (tes-TIK-u-lar) torsion (TOR-shun) is a condition where the spermatic cord that holds the testicle gets twisted. Each testicle is hung from a spermatic cord, a tube which contains blood vessels and passageways for sperm. The testicles are two egg-shaped organs in the scrotum that make sperm and hormones. Sperm is mixed with semen, which is the thick, white fluid released during ejaculation that may make a woman pregnant. Hormones are special substances that control how different parts of your body work. The scrotum is the sack of skin under the penis that holds the testicles.

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Testicular torsion

Testicular torsion is the twisting of the spermatic cord, which cuts off the blood supply to the testicle and surrounding structures within the scrotum.

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Testicular torsion

Testicular torsion is a surgical emergency that may result in the loss of the affected testicle if not treated promptly. This is a painful condition caused by the twisting of the spermatic cord, which causes a loss of blood flow to the testicle. Testicular tissue cannot survive without blood flow. Torsion is the most common cause of testicle loss in adolescent males.

Semen analysis - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

However, if the sperm count is very high, then a low motility (for example, less than 60%) might not matter, because the fraction might still be more than 8 ...

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Low Sperm Count Factors: Premature Ejaculation, Penile Dysfunction

Jan 19, 2011 ... Michael Werner MD: New York male infertility specialist providing medical treatments for, low sperm count, penile dysfunction, ...

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Low sperm count: All - MayoClinic.com

by G Started - Related articles

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Signs & Symptoms Of Low Sperm Count | LIVESTRONG.COM

Signs & Symptoms Of Low Sperm Count. A low sperm count can be a source of frustration for any couple that is attempting to build a family.

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Male Infertility Alternative Treatment - Male Infertility ...

There is an association between smoking and low sperm count, poor sperm motility, and abnormal sperm. Proxeed is a nutritional supplement that may improve ...

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Low sperm count can cause male infertility.

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Lifestyle and home remedies
Taking care of yourself can help increase the number of healthy sperm in your semen.

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Medical advice
If you and your partner are having trouble getting pregnant after a year of regular intercourse, see a doctor.

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A number of factors can help you maintain higher numbers of healthy sperm and increase your chances of conceiving a child. Here are a few lifestyle decisions that may help: Don't smoke. Smoking can damage sperm and interfere with sperm production and libido. Secondhand smoke also may cause low sperm count. Avoid excessive drinking. Excessive alcohol consumption (more than two drinks a day for men) has been shown to reduce sperm production and affect libido. Steer clear of illegal drugs. Drugs including anabolic steroids, marijuana and cocaine can all affect sperm production and libido. Keep the weight off. Obesity is linked to decreased sperm production. Don't get a vasectomy. If there's...

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Risk factors
Factors that increase your risk of low sperm count include: Genetic or hormonal problems. Certain health conditions affect sperm production, such as Klinefelter's syndrome or a problem with hormone production. Substance abuse. Sperm count can be reduced by use of illegal drugs such as cocaine or marijuana. Smoking. Smoking cigarettes affects sperm production. Secondhand smoke may also lower sperm count. Being overweight. Being obese has been shown to cause hormonal changes that affect sperm production. Exposure to environmental toxins. Exposure to radiation therapy, certain chemicals, heat and some medications can temporarily reduce sperm production. Cancer treatment. Radiation treatment...

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For most men, the only sign of low sperm count men is the inability to conceive a child (infertility). A couple is considered infertile if they're unable to conceive after one year of regular intercourse. If sperm production is impaired by an underlying hormonal problem, you may have other signs such as decreased facial or body hair or problems with sexual function.

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Tests and diagnosis
When you see a doctor because you're having trouble getting your partner pregnant, your doctor will try to determine the underlying cause. Sperm production is complex and requires normal functioning of the testicles (testes) as well as the hypothalamus and pituitary glands organs in your brain that produce hormones that trigger sperm production. Problems with any of these systems can affect sperm production.

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Treatments and drugs
Treatment for low sperm count depends on the cause. Your doctor will carefully test you, but sometimes an exact cause is never found. Even when this is the case, your doctor may still be able to recommend a treatment that will help you and your partner achieve pregnancy. Your doctor will also want to make sure your female partner has been evaluated. Treatments to boost female fertility can help compensate for low sperm count and increase your chance of pregnancy.

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