menstruation

What is menstruation?


Menstruation, or period, is a woman's monthly bleeding. Every month, your body prepares for pregnancy. If no pregnancy occurs, the uterus sheds its lining. The menstrual blood is partly blood and partly tissue from inside the uterus, or womb. It passes out of the body through the vagina. Periods usually start around age 12 and continue until menopause, at about age 51. Most periods last from three to five days. You should consult your health care provider if

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Also known as period, menses, menstrual period, Menstruations
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Menstruation - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Menstruation is the shedding of the uterine lining (endometrium). It occurs on a regular basis in reproductive-age females of certain mammal species. ...

Read more on en.wikipedia.org

Menstruation and the Menstrual Cycle << Frequently Asked Questions ...

Oct 21, 2009 ... Menstruation (men-STRAY-shuhn) is a woman's monthly bleeding. When you menstruate, your body sheds the lining of the uterus (womb). ...

Read more on www.womenshealth.gov

All About Menstruation

Periods can be confusing. Get the facts in this article for teens.

Read more on kidshealth.org

Menstruation (Menstrual Cycle) Information on MedicineNet.com

Mar 13, 2011 ... Menstruation is a woman's monthly bleeding, also called a period. When you menstruate, your body is shedding the lining of the uterus (womb) ...

Read more on www.medicinenet.com

Menstruation Information - Advice - Tips About Normal and Abnormal ...

Normal and abnormal menstruation information from abnormal uterine bleeding to what it means when periods are late, heavy, or accompanied by PMS or cramps, ...

Read more on womenshealth.about.com

ACOG Education Pamphlet AP049 -- Menstruation

The start of menstruation is one of many signs that a girl is becoming a young woman. It means that it is now possible for a girl to get pregnant and have a ...

Read more on www.acog.org

Menstruation definition - Medical Dictionary definitions of ...

Mar 12, 2011 ... Our Menstruation Main Article provides a comprehensive look at the ... Menstruation: The periodic blood that flows as a discharge from the ...

Read more on www.medterms.com

Menstruation and the Menstrual Cycle

Sep 10, 2006 ... Menstruation is the part of a woman's monthly menstrual cycle in which blood and tissue are discharged from the vagina. ...

Read more on www.nichd.nih.gov

Menstruation Disorders: eMedicine Pediatrics: Surgery

Jun 10, 2009 ... Overview: Menstruation disorders are a common problem during adolescence. These disorders may cause significant anxiety for patients and ...

Read more on emedicine.medscape.com

Normal Menstruation

Menstruation is the monthly shedding of the lining of a women's uterus (more commonly known as the womb). Menstruation is also known by the terms menses, ...

Read more on my.clevelandclinic.org

Contents

Menstruation
Menstruation (men-stroo-A-shun), also called menstrual or monthly period, is a natural process affecting the female reproductive system. The female reproductive system includes the ovaries, fallopian tubes, uterus (womb), endometrium (lining of the womb), and vagina. These structures are located in the lower abdomen (stomach). During the menstrual cycle, hormones (special chemicals) are released from different parts of the body. These hormones include estrogen and progesterone that help prepare and control the body for pregnancy. As the levels of estrogen and progesterone increase, the endometrium becomes thicker. A thickened endometrium is needed to support the growth of the baby when a woman gets pregnant.

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Periods
A period is a bleed from the uterus (womb) that is released through the vagina. It happens approximately every 28 days, although anywhere between 24 and 35 days is common. A period is part of a woman's menstrual cycle.

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Menstruation - absent
Absent menstruation means no menstrual flow, or period. Absent menstruation may be: Primary -- no menstruation before age 16 Secondary -- menstruation begins at the appropriate age, but later stops for more than 3 cycles or 6 months Absent menstruation is called amenorrhea.

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Bloating and menstruation
Bloating is the feeling of a full, swollen belly area, usually due to gas in the intestines. Some women have bloating before or during their period (menstrual cycle). See also: Abdominal bloating

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Menstrual Pain
Menstrual cramps are sharp pains in a woman's lower abdomen that occur when her menstrual period begins and may continue for 2-3 days. Symptoms can range in severity from a mild annoyance to severe pain that interferes with normal activities. Menstrual cramps are the leading cause of absenteeism in women younger than 30 years. Although over half of women who have menstrual periods experience some discomfort, 10% are temporarily disabled by symptoms.

Menstrual periods - heavy, prolonged, or irregular
Irregular menstruation, Heavy, prolonged, or irregular periods, Menorrhagia, Polymenorrhea, Metrorrhagia and other menstrual conditions, Abnormal menstrual periods, Abnormal uterine bleeding, Abnormal vaginal bleeding

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Painful menstrual periods
Painful menstrual periods are periods in which a woman experiences crampy lower abdominal pain, sharp pain that comes and goes, aching pain, or possibly back pain.

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PRE-MENSTRUAL PAIN RELIEF
Treats minor pain. Also treats fever and cold or flu symptoms.

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Menstrual cramps
If you're a woman, chances are you've dealt with menstrual cramps even if you've never heard of &#34;dysmenorrhea,&#34; the medical term for them.

Read more on www.mayoclinic.com
Menstrual problems
Absence of flow when normally expected is called Amenorrhea. Scanty flow is known as Oligomenorrhea. Painful menstruation is Dysmenorrhea. Excessive loss of blood is termed Menorrhagia. Loss of blood during intermenstrual periods (between periods) is known as spotting or Metrorrhagia. In all the above cases, the gynocologist should make the diagnosis and prescribe treatment, rule out causes, complications, etc.

Read more on www.emedicinal.com
Menstrual cramp relief
Ibuprofen and naproxen sodium are common over-the-counter medications that can help relieve menstrual cramps. A heating pad or hot water bottle may also make you feel better. Other measures to reduce or prevent cramps include: Get regular exercise, such as walking and pelvic rocking exercises. Follow a diet rich in complex carbohydrates, like whole grains, fruits, and vegetables -- but low in salt, sugar, alcohol, and caffeine. Practice relaxation techniques like meditation or yoga.

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