mildcognitiveimpairment

What is mild cognitive impairment?


Mild cognitive impairment often causes the same types of brain changes seen in Alzheimer's disease or other forms of dementia. The difference is in the extent of these changes, which is limited in mild cognitive impairment. These changes may include: Plaques, which are abnormal clumps of a protein called beta-amyloid; Tangles, which are abnormal clumps of a protein called tau; Shrinkage of the hippocampus, an area of the brain important for memory; Strokes; Lewy bodies, which are abnormal clumps of a protein that's associated with Parkinson's disease

Read more on www.mayoclinic.com
Search for any health
topic on HealthMash:

Explore and Discover

Alternative Medicine
» ginkgo
» massage
» ginseng

mild cognitive impairment information from trusted sources:

Mild cognitive impairment

Mild cognitive impairment is a transition stage between the cognitive decline of normal aging and the more serious problems caused by Alzheimer's disease.

Read more on www.mayoclinic.com

Cognex

Cognex (tacrine hydrochloride capsules) is indicated for the treatment of mild to moderate dementia of the Alzheimer's type.Evidence of Cognex's effectiveness in the treatment of dementia of the Alzheimer's type derives from results of two adequate and well-controlled clinical investigations that compared tacrine and placebo on both a performance based measure of cognition and a clinician's global assessment of change. (See CLINICAL PHARMACOLOGY Section: Clinical Trial Data).

Read more on www.druglib.com

Cognex

Cognex (tacrine hydrochloride) is a reversible cholinesterase inhibitor, known chemically as 1,2,3,4-tetrahydro-9-acridinamine monohydrochloride monohydrate. Tacrine hydrochloride is commonly referred to in the clinical and pharmacological literature as THA. It has an empirical formula of C13H14N2&bull, HCl &bull, H2O and a molecular weight of 252.74. The molecular formula of tacrine hydrochloride is: Tacrine hydrochloride is a white solid and is freely soluble in distilled water, 0.1N hydrochloric acid, acetate buffer (pH 4.0), phosphate buffer (pH 7.0 to 7.4), methanol, dimethylsulfoxide (DMSO), ethanol, and propylene glycol. The compound is sparingly soluble in linoleic acid and PEG 400. Each capsule of Cognex contains tacrine as the hydrochloride. Inactive ingredients are hydrous lactose, magnesium stearate, and microcrystalline cellulose. The hard gelatin capsules contain gelatin, NF, silicon dioxide, NF, sodium lauryl sulfate, NF, and the following dyes: 10 mg: D&C Yellow #10, FD&C Green #3, titanium dioxide, 20 mg: D&C Yellow #10, FD&C Blue #1, titanium dioxide, 30 mg: D&C Yellow #10, FD&C Blue #1, FD&C Red #40, titanium dioxide, 40 mg: D&C Yellow #10, FD&C Blue #1, FD&C Red #40, D&C Red #28, titanium dioxide. Each 10-, 20-, 30-, and 40-mg Cognex capsule for oral administration contains 12.75, 25.50, 38.25, and 51.00 mg of tacrine HCl, respectively. Cognex (tacrine hydrochloride capsules) is indicated for the treatment of mild to moderate dementia of the Alzheimer's type. Evidence of Cognex's effectiveness in the treatment of dementia of the Alzheimer's type derives from results of two adequate and well-controlled clinical investigations that compared tacrine and placebo on both a performance based measure of cognition and a clinician's global assessment of change. (See CLINICAL PHARMACOLOGY Section: Clinical Trial Data).

Read more on dailymed.nlm.nih.gov

Vision Impairment and Blindness

Vision impairment, or low vision, means that even with eyeglasses, contact lenses, medicine or surgery, you don't see well. Vision impairment can range from mild to severe. The leading causes of vision impairment and blindness in the United States are age-related eye diseases: macular degeneration, cataract and glaucoma. Other eye disorders, eye injuries and birth defects can also cause vision loss. A loss of vision means that you may have to reorganize your life and learn new ways of doing things. If you have some vision, visual aids such as special glasses and large print books can make life easier. There are also devices to help those with no vision, like text-reading software and braille books.

Read more on www.nlm.nih.gov

Possible Early Dementia

Dementia is a serious brain disorder that interferes with a persons ability to carry out everyday tasks. The key feature of dementia is a decline in cognitive functions. These are mental processes such as thinking, reasoning, learning, problem solving, memory, language, and speech. Other features that occur frequently in dementia include changes in personality and behavior. Generally, these symptoms are not considered dementia unless they have continued unabated for at least 6 months. Dementia has many different causes. Some may be reversible, such as certain infections, drug intoxication, and liver diseases. Of the irreversible causes, the most common in older adults is Alzheimer disease. Although dementia is frequently linked to old age (getting senile), it is not a normal part of aging. Even children with certain degenerative brain disorders can develop dementia. Alzheimer disease usually begins with mild, slowly worsening memory loss. Many older people fear that they have Alzheimer disease because they cant find their eyeglasses or remember someones name.

CBT

Cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) is the term for a number of therapies that are designed to help solve problems in people's lives, such as anxiety, depression, post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) or drug misuse.

Read more on www.nhs.uk

Alzheimer's Association - Mild Cognitive Impairment

Nov 17, 2010 ... Mild cognitive impairment (MCI) a condition in which a person has problems with memory, language, or another mental function severe enough ...

Read more on www.alz.org

Mild cognitive impairment - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Mild cognitive impairment (MCI, also known as incipient dementia, or isolated memory impairment) is a diagnosis given to individuals who have cognitive ...

Read more on en.wikipedia.org

Mild Cognitive Impairment: eMedicine Neurology

Aug 11, 2010 ... Overview: Mild degrees of cognitive impairment, particularly when self-reported by patients, pose a substantial challenge to the clinician.

Read more on emedicine.medscape.com

Mild Cognitive Impairment - Diagnosis and Treatment Options at ...

Mild Cognitive Impairment (MCI), also known as benign senescent forgetfulness, treatment options at Mayo Clinic.

Read more on www.mayoclinic.org

Contents

Alternative medicine
DS00553

Read more on www.mayoclinic.com
Complications
People with mild cognitive impairment are three times more likely to develop Alzheimer's or other dementias than are those without such impairment. In fact, about half the people with mild cognitive impairment will progress to Alzheimer's disease within five years.

Read more on www.mayoclinic.com
Lifestyle and home remedies
Study results have been mixed about whether the following activities can prevent or reverse mild cognitive impairment. But they can be part of a healthy lifestyle for older people with or without mild cognitive impairment.

Read more on www.mayoclinic.com
Preparing for your appointment
You will probably first discuss your symptoms with your family doctor. He or she may refer you to a dementia specialist who may be a neurologist or a psychiatrist for further evaluation.

Read more on www.mayoclinic.com
Risk factors
DS00553

Read more on www.mayoclinic.com
Symptoms
The forgetfulness of normal aging is minor. You misplace your car keys or lose your car in the parking garage. Perhaps you can't remember the name of a former co-worker when you meet unexpectedly at the grocery store. This is nothing to worry about.

Read more on www.mayoclinic.com
Tests and diagnosis
There is no specific test to confirm a diagnosis of mild cognitive impairment. Instead, your doctor will try to rule out other potential causes for your symptoms. Tests may include the following.

Read more on www.mayoclinic.com
Treatments and drugs
There is no cure for mild cognitive impairment. Treatment of coexisting conditions, such as high blood pressure or depression, may help reduce cognitive problems. Scientists are searching for a treatment that may delay or prevent the progression to Alzheimer's disease or other dementias.

Read more on www.mayoclinic.com