osteomalacia

What is osteomalacia?


While you may initially consult your family physician, he or she may refer you to a rheumatologist a doctor who specializes in arthritis and other diseases of the joints, muscles and bones.

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Also known as Osteomalacias
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osteomalacia information from trusted sources:

Osteomalacia

Osteomalacia is softening of the bones due to a lack of vitamin D or a problem with the body's ability to break down and use this vitamin.

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Osteomalacia

Osteomalacia refers to a softening of your bones, usually caused by a vitamin D deficiency. In children, this condition is called rickets. Soft bones are more likely to bow and fracture than are harder, healthy bones.

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Osteomalacia - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Osteomalacia is the softening of the bones due to defective bone mineralization secondary to inadequate amounts of available phosphorus and calcium. ...

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Osteomalacia

Illustrated article details what it is, different types and causes, and treatment. Includes Flash movie and xrays.

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Osteomalacia

Osteomalacia means "soft bones." Osteomalacia is a disease that weakens bones and can cause them to break more easily. In osteomalacia, the bone tends to ...

Read more on my.clevelandclinic.org

Osteomalacia Information on Healthline

Osteomalacia is softening of the bones due to a lack of vitamin D or a problem with the body's ability to break down and use this vitamin.

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Osteomalacia Symptoms, Diagnosis, Treatments and Causes ...

Jan 26, 2011 ... Osteomalacia information including symptoms, diagnosis, misdiagnosis, treatment, causes, patient stories, videos, forums, prevention, ...

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Osteomalacia and Renal Osteodystrophy: eMedicine Radiology

Mar 23, 2010 ... Overview: Osteomalacia is characterized by incomplete mineralization of normal osteoid tissue following closure of the growth plates.

Read more on emedicine.medscape.com

Osteomalacia definition - Medical Dictionary definitions of ...

Mar 12, 2011 ... Osteomalacia: Softening of bone, particularly in the sense of bone weakened by demineralization (the loss of mineral) and most notably by ...

Read more on www.medterms.com

osteomalacia - definition of osteomalacia in the Medical ...

osteomalacia /os·teo·ma·la·cia/ (os″te-o-mah-la´shah) inadequate or delayed mineralization of osteoid in mature cortical and spongy bone; it is the adult ...

Contents

Causes
The softer bones seen in persons with osteomalacia have a normal amount of collagen, which gives the bones its structure, but lack the proper amount of calcium.

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Complications
If you have osteomalacia, you're more likely to experience broken bones, particularly in your ribs, spine and legs.

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Exams and Tests
Blood tests will be done to check vitamin D, creatinine, calcium, and phosphate levels.

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Medical advice
Call for an appointment with your health care provider if you have symptoms of osteomalacia, or if you think that you may be at risk for this disorder.

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Outlook (Prognosis)
Improvement can be seen within a few weeks in some people with vitamin deficiency disorders. Complete healing with treatment takes place in 6 months.

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Possible Complications
Return of symptoms is a possible complication.

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Prevention
A diet rich in vitamin D and getting plenty of sunlight can help prevent osteomalacia due to a vitamin D deficiency.

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Risk factors
The risk of developing osteomalacia is highest in people who have both inadequate dietary intake of vitamin D and little exposure to sunlight, such as older adults and those who are housebound or hospitalized.

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Symptoms
Symptoms may also occur due to low calcium levels. These include:Bone fractures that happen with very little injury; Muscle weakness ; Widespread bone pain, especially in the hips; Abnormal heart rhythms; Numbness around the mouth; Numbness of arms and legs; Spasms of hands or feet

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Tests and diagnosis
In order to pinpoint the underlying cause of osteomalacia and to rule out other bone disorders, such as osteoporosis, you may undergo one or more of the following tests: Blood and urine tests. In cases of osteomalacia caused by vitamin D deficiency or by phosphorus loss, abnormal levels of vitamin D and the minerals calcium and phosphorus are often detected.; X-ray. Slight cracks in your bones that are visible on X-rays, referred to as Looser transformation zones, are a characteristic feature of people with osteomalacia.; Bone biopsy. During a bone biopsy, your doctor inserts a slender needle through your skin and into your bone to withdraw a small sample for viewing under a microscope....

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Treatments and drugs
When osteomalacia arises from a dietary or sunlight deficiency, replenishing low levels of vitamin D in your body usually cures the condition.

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