What is tendinitis?

Tendinitis can occur as a result of injury, overuse, or with aging as the tendon loses elasticity. It can also be seen in persons with body-wide (systemic) diseases such as rheumatoid arthritis or diabetes.

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Tendons themselves are cords of tough, fibrous connective tissue that attach muscles to bones. Tendinitis is an inflammation of the tendon. The condition may also involve the tendon sheath, usually close to where the tendon goes into the muscle. Tendons are generally healthy structures that appear glistening white to the naked eye. If you've ever carved a turkey, the tendons are the tough bands you cut through to get the drumsticks apart.


Tendons are the tough cords of tissue that attach muscles to bones. They help your muscles move your bones. Tendinitis means inflammation of a tendon. It causes pain and tenderness near a joint. It usually occurs in the shoulders, elbows, knees, hips, heels or wrists. Depending on where it happens, it may have a special name, such as tennis elbow. Injuries and overuse are common causes of tendinitis. Cross-training, stretching and decreasing your intensity when you exercise might help prevent tendinitis. Certain diseases, such as rheumatoid arthritis, also can cause it. You can usually treat tendinitis with rest, ice and medicine to relieve pain and decrease swelling. Other treatments include ultrasound, physical therapy, steroid injections and surgery.

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Tendinitis is inflammation or irritation of a tendon any one of the thick fibrous cords that attach muscles to bones. The condition causes pain and tenderness just outside a joint. While tendinitis can occur in any of your body's tendons, it's most common around your shoulders, elbows, wrists and heels.

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Tendonitis is inflammation (swelling) of a tendon, which can cause pain in the affected area. It can affect tendons around the shoulder, elbow, wrist, finger, thigh, knee or back of the heel.

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Achilles tendinitis

Achilles (ah-KIL-eez) tendinitis (ten-dih-NEYE-tis) is pain and inflammation (in-flah-MAY-shun) (redness and swelling) of your Achilles tendon. A tendon is a cord of tough tissue that connects muscles to bones. The Achilles tendon connects the calf muscles to the heel bone. It is important to treat your Achilles tendinitis and allow it time to heal. If you do not, your Achilles tendon may rupture (tear) or become a long-term problem, possibly needing surgery.

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Tendinitis - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Tendinitis (informally also tendonitis), meaning inflammation of a tendon (the suffix "itis" denotes diseases characterized by inflammation), ...

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An Overview of Tendinitis

Read about tendinitis, inflammation of tendons including those in the thumb, elbow, and shoulder.

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Tendinitis is a common orthopedic problem that can cause persistent pain. This condition occurs when there is inflammation of tendons-the point where a ...

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De Quervain's Tendinitis (De Quervain's Tendinosis) - Your ...

De Quervain's tendinitis occurs when the tendons around the base of the thumb are irritated or constricted. The word "tendinitis" refers to a swelling of ...

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Tendinitis definition - Arthritis and Arthritic Conditions ...

Mar 18, 2011 ... Tendinitis: Inflammation of a tendon (the tissue by which muscle attaches to bone). Tendinitis most commonly occurs as a result of injury, ...

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Without proper treatment, tendinitis can increase your risk of experiencing tendon rupture a much more serious condition that may require surgical repair.

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Exams and Tests
The health care provider will perform a physical exam and look for signs of pain and tenderness when the muscle attached to the tendon is used against resistance. There are specific tests for specific tendons.

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Lifestyle and home remedies
To treat tendinitis at home, P.R.I.C.E. is the acronym to remember protection, rest, ice, compression and elevation. This treatment can help speed your recovery and help prevent further problems.

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Medical advice
Call for an appointment with your health care provider if symptoms of tendinitis occur.

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Outlook (Prognosis)
Symptoms improve with treatment and rest. If the injury is caused by overuse, a change in work habits may be indicated to prevent recurrence of the problem.

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Possible Complications
Long-term inflammation raises the risk of further injury, such as rupture Tendinitis symptoms return

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Preparing for your appointment
You may initially bring your signs and symptoms to the attention of your family physician, but he or she may refer you to a doctor who specializes in sports medicine or rheumatology the treatment of conditions that affect the joints.

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Avoid repetitive motion and overuse of the arms and legs. Keep all your muscles strong and flexible. Warm up by exercising at a relaxed pace before engaging in vigorous activity.

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Risk factors
Risk factors for developing tendinitis include age, working in particular jobs or participating in certain sports.

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Pain and tenderness along a tendon, usually near a joint Pain at night Pain that is worse with movement or activity

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Tests and diagnosis
Tendinitis can usually be diagnosed during the physical exam alone. Your doctor may order X-rays or other imaging tests if he or she needs to rule out other conditions that may be causing your signs and symptoms.

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Treatments and drugs
The goals of tendinitis treatment are to relieve your pain and reduce inflammation. Often, home treatment which includes rest, ice and over-the-counter pain relievers may be all that you need. Other treatments for tendinitis include: See Also Hand Scheduled Section Focus; Cortisone shots Related Links; Patellar tendinitis Related Guides Children Parent

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