transvaginalultrasound

What is transvaginal ultrasound?


You will lie down on a table with your knees bent and feet in holders called stirrups. The health care provider will place a probe, called a transducer, into the vagina. The probe is covered with a condom and a gel. The probe sends out sound waves, which reflect off body structures. A computer receives these waves and uses them to create a picture. The doctor can immediately see the picture on a nearby TV monitor.

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Also known as sis, endovaginal ultrasound, sonohysterography, hysterosonography, ultrasound - transvaginal, saline infusion sonography
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Transvaginal ultrasound

Transvaginal ultrasound is a type of pelvic ultrasound. It is used to look at a woman's reproductive organs, including the uterus, ovaries, cervix, and vagina. Transvaginal means across or through the vagina. See also: Pregnancy ultrasound

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Fetal Ultrasound

Various types of fetal ultrasound exams are available, including: Standard ultrasound. A standard fetal ultrasound is done by moving a transducer a small plastic device that sends and receives sound waves over your abdomen. A standard fetal ultrasound helps your health care provider determine your baby's gestational age and evaluate your baby's growth and development. A standard fetal ultrasound usually takes about 20 minutes., Transvaginal ultrasound. With this type of fetal ultrasound, a slender transducer is placed in your vagina to send out sound waves and gather the reflections. Transvaginal ultrasounds are used most often during early pregnancy, when the uterus and fallopian tubes are closer to the vagina than to the abdominal surface., Specialized or targeted ultrasound. This type of fetal ultrasound targets a suspected problem and uses more sophisticated equipment than does a standard fetal ultrasound. The exam may take from 30 minutes to several hours., Three-dimensional (3-D) ultrasound. A 3-D fetal ultrasound can provide images of a baby with photo-quality details. This type of ultrasound is used in select medical centers to help health care providers evaluate a baby's growth and development, as well as detect facial abnormalities or neural tube defects., Doppler ultrasound. A Doppler ultrasound measures slight changes in the ultrasound waves as they bounce off moving objects, such as blood cells. A Doppler ultrasound can provide details about a baby's circulation., Fetal echocardiography. This type of fetal ultrasound provides a detailed picture of a baby's heart. It may be used to confirm or rule out a congenital heart defect.

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Ultrasound scan

An ultrasound scan, also known as a sonograph, is a procedure that uses high frequency sound waves to create an image of an organ in the body. As sound waves are used, rather than radiation, the procedure is thought to be completely safe.

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Pelvic Ultrasound

Transvaginal ultrasound is usually performed with the patient lying on her back, ... With transvaginal ultrasound, although the examination is often ...

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Transvaginal Ultrasound

However, a transvaginal ultrasound is performed by inserting a probe into the vaginal canal. This method of ultrasound produces an image quality that is ...

Read more on my.clevelandclinic.org

Early Ultrasound - Transvaginal Ultrasound - Ultrasounds or ...

Transvaginal ultrasound can be a helpful tool, particularly in early pregnancy.

Read more on pregnancy.about.com

Vaginal (transvaginal) ultrasound (sonogram) to diagnose ovarian ...

Nov 18, 2007 ... Frequently Asked Questions about vaginal ultrasound as a test to diagnose endometrial or ovarian cancer.

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Transvaginal Ultrasound Information on Healthline

A transvaginal ultrasound, also called transvaginal sonogram (TVS), is an ultrasound that uses an internal probe, or transducer, that enters the vaginal ...

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Pelvic Ultrasound and Transvaginal Ultrasound - Harvard Health ...

Depending on the view needed, the ultrasound sensor is placed either on your abdomen (pelvic ultrasound) or in your vagina (transvaginal ultrasound). ...

Read more on www.health.harvard.edu

Gynecologic ultrasonography - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

"True ovarian volume is underestimated by two-dimensional transvaginal ultrasound measurement". Fertil. Steril.. doi:10.1016/j.fertnstert.2008.10.055. ...

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Contents

How the Test Will Feel
The test is usually painless, although some women may have mild discomfort from the pressure of the probe. Only a small part of the probe is placed into the vagina.

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How to Prepare for the Test
You will be asked to undress, usually from the waist down. A transvaginal ultrasound is done with your bladder empty.

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Indications
Transvaginal ultrasound can help diagnose the cause of certain types of infertility, pelvic pain, abnormal bleeding, and menstrual problems. It can show the lining of the uterus (endometrium). The test may reveal: Ovarian cysts ; Ovarian tumors; Pelvic infection; Uterine fibroids ; Uterine lining polyps; Thickened uterine lining in cases of postmenopausal bleeding

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Normal Results
The pelvic structures or fetus are normal.

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Risks
There are no known harmful effects of transvaginal ultrasound on humans.

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What Abnormal Results Mean
An abnormal result may be due to many conditions. Some problems that may be seen include:Birth defects; Cancers of the uterus, ovaries, vagina, and other pelvic structures; Infection, including pelvic inflammatory disease; Non-cancerous growths of the uterus and ovaries (such as cysts or fibroids); Twisting of the ovaries; Ectopic pregnancy; More than one fetus (twins, triplets, etc.); Miscarriage; Placenta previa ; Placental abruption ; Shortened cervix, which increases the risk for preterm...

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