Vascular dementia information from trusted sources:
Vascular dementia is an umbrella term that describes impairments in cognitive function caused by problems in blood vessels that feed the brain.
Vascular dementia is caused when there is an interruption to the blood supply to the brain.
Dementia is a loss of brain function that occurs with certain diseases. It affects memory, thinking, language, judgment, and behavior. See also: Alzheimer's disease
Dementia With Lewy Bodies
Dementia is a progressive (gradually worsening) decline of mental abilities that disturbs "cognitive" functions such as memory, thought processes, and speech as well as behavior, and movements. Dementia with Lewy bodies (DLB) is the name for a group of disorders in which dementia is caused by the presence of Lewy bodies in the brain. Lewy bodies are small round clumps of normal proteins that for unknown reasons become abnormally clumped together inside neurons (brain cells). Whether the Lewy bodies directly cause gradual degeneration (damage) to the brain cells, impairing their function and eventually killing them, or are only a marker of some other destructive process is not known. Lewy bodies are named after Frederich Lewy, the doctor who first described them in 1912. Dr. Lewy first found Lewy bodies in the brains of people with Parkinson disease. Parkinson disease is a condition best known for disrupting body movements. The most common of these "motor" symptoms are tremor (shaking or trembling) of the hands (that mainly occurs when the hands are at rest and not moving), rigidity (stiffness) of the trunk and limbs, slowness of movement, and loss of balance and coordination. Estimates vary from 30-60% about what percentage of people with Parkinson disease develop dementia. Scientists later discovered cases of Alzheimer-type dementia linked to Lewy bodies. This was thought to be very rare, but as tests of brain tissue improved, it became clear that Lewy bodies were fairly common and were linked to several different types of dementia. A type of dementia similar to but different from Alzheimer disease was recognized and called DLB. DLB is now believed to be the second or third most common type of dementia after Alzheimer disease, accounting for about 10-20% of all dementias. (There is controversy about whether DLB or vascular dementia is the second most common form of dementia.) The relationship between DLB and Parkinson disease is not completely understood. When motor symptoms appear first and predominate over cognitive symptoms, the diagnosis is believed to be Parkinson disease. When cognitive impairment and behavioral disturbances are prominent early symptoms, DLB is believed to be the diagnosis. DLB is a disease of aging. People affected by DLB are usually elderly or in late middle age.
Dementia (duh-men-shuh) is an illness that effects a person's thinking and memory. It also affects ability to problem solve and make the right decisions. Dementia also causes problems in communicating with others. It may cause you to be confused and have problems driving, cooking, or bathing. You may also have changes in how you act. Dementia affects how you feel about yourself and life. It is a serious illness and usually gets worse. With treatment, the effects of dementia can be controlled. Treatment will allow you to live life as you usually would for a longer time.
ProHance (Gadoteridol) Injection is indicated for use in MRI in adults and children over 2 years of age to visualize lesions with abnormal vascularity in the brain (intracranial lesions), spine and associated tissues.
ProHance (Gadoteridol) Injection is a nonionic contrast medium for magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), available as a 0.5M sterile clear colorless to slightly yellow aqueous solution in vials and syringes for intravenous injection. Central Nervous System ProHance (Gadoteridol) Injection is indicated for use in MRI in adults and children over 2 years of age to visualize lesions with abnormal vascularity in the brain (intracranial lesions), spine and associated tissues.
Vascular Dementia: eMedicine Psychiatry
Oct 29, 2010 ... Overview: Vascular dementia is the second most common form of dementia after Alzheimer disease (AD). The condition is not a single disease; ...
Alzheimer's Association - Vascular Dementia
Nov 17, 2010 ... Vascular dementia is widely considered the second most common type of dementia. It develops when impaired blood flow to parts of the brain ...
Multi-infarct dementia - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Multi-infarct dementia, is one type of vascular dementia. Vascular dementia is the second most common form of dementia after Alzheimer's disease (AD) in ...