What is vegetarian diet?

A vegetarian diet focuses on plants for food. These include fruits, vegetables, dried beans and peas, grains, seeds and nuts. There is no single type of vegetarian diet. Instead, vegetarian eating patterns usually fall into the following groups: People who follow vegetarian diets can get all the nutrients they need. However, they must be careful to eat a wide variety of foods to meet their nutritional needs. Nutrients vegetarians may need to focus on include protein, iron, calcium, zinc and vitamin B12.

Also known as Vegetarianism, Vegan Diet, Vegetarian Diets, Vegan Diets
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vegetarian diet information from trusted sources:

Vegetarian diet: How to get the best nutrition -

A vegetarian diet can meet your nutritional needs if you follow this helpful guide.


Vegetarian Diets - American Heart Association

Explains the benefits and risks of a meatless diet. Also, describes ways to include needed nutrients.


Vegetarianism - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Semi-vegetarian diets consist largely of vegetarian foods, but may include fish or poultry, or other meats on an infrequent basis. ...


Vegetarian Diets -

Feb 9, 2011 ... Vegetarian diets can meet all the recommendations for nutrients. The key is to consume a variety of foods and the right amount of foods to ...


Becoming a Vegetarian

Many people choose a vegetarian diet out of concern over animal rights or the environment. And lots of people have more than one reason for choosing ...


'Skinny' Vegan Diet - What You Can Eat, How It Works, and More

If you dream of a model-thin body and are willing to adhere to a hard-core, low calorie vegan diet, you may want to follow the sassy advice doled out in the ...


Vegetarian and Vegan Diet Types, Benefits, Disadvantages and ...

Mar 14, 2011 ... What are the benefits of a vegetarian and vegan diet? How do I develop a vegetarian or vegan diet plan for myself? ...


Vegetarian Diets

It is the position of the American Dietetic Association that appropriately planned vegetarian diets, including total vegetarian or vegan diets, ...


Diet and Nutrition in Crohn Disease

Why is good nutrition such a challenge for people with Crohn disease Most of us know that good nutrition is essential to good health. Good nutrition is even more important to people whose health is compromised by a chronic disease. When you have Crohn disease, maintaining good nutrition can be a real challenge. Several factors contribute to nutritional problems in people with Crohn disease. When inflamed, the small intestine is not able to do its main job, which is absorbing nutrients from food. The degree of this impairment, called malabsorption, depends on the extent of inflammation and damage in the intestine. To make matters worse, the intestinal inflammation and pain of the disease reduce your appetite, so you probably do not eat enough to supply your nutritional needs. Diarrhea further depletes important nutrients. Compounding the problem is the fact that people with a chronic illness such as Crohn disease require more calories and certain other nutrients than healthy people. The most common nutritional problem in people with Crohn disease is insufficient calorie intake.


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A vegetarian diet is a meal plan that contains little or no animal products. Types of vegetarian diets include: Vegan: Diet consists of only foods of plant origin. Lacto-vegetarian: Diet consists of plant foods plus some or all dairy products. Lacto-ovovegetarian: Diet consists of plant foods, dairy products, and eggs. Semi- or partial vegetarian: Diet consists of plant foods and may include chicken or fish, dairy products, and eggs. It does not include red meat.

Your diet is made up of what you eat. There are many different types of diets. A healthy diet There are many different types of diets. Some, like a vegetarian diet, don't include meats. Others, like the Mediterranean diet, describe a pattern of eating with an emphasis on less saturated fat than most Americans eat.

Making some simple dietary changes can result in you leading a healthier lifestyle. Generally, achieving a balanced diet will mean taking the following steps...

Diabetes diet - gestational
The best way to improve your diet is by eating a variety of healthy foods. You should learn how to read food labels, and consult them when making food decisions. Talk to your doctor or dietitian if you are a vegetarian or on some other special diet.

If you are overweight, you are not alone. Sixty-six percent of adults in the U.S. are overweight or obese. Achieving a healthy weight can help you control your cholesterol, blood pressure and blood sugar. It might also help you prevent weight-related diseases, such as heart disease, diabetes, arthritis and some cancers. Eating too much or not being physically active enough will make you overweight. To maintain your weight, the calories you eat must equal the energy you burn. To lose weight, you must use more calories than you eat. A weight-control strategy might include

Dietary Fats
Fat is a major source of energy and aids your body in absorbing vitamins. It's important for proper growth, development and keeping you healthy. Fat provides taste to foods and helps you feel full. Fats are an especially important source of calories and nutrients for infants and toddlers. Dietary fat also plays a major role in your cholesterol levels. But not all fats are the same. You should try to avoid

Dietary Fiber
Fiber is a substance in plants. Dietary fiber is the kind you eat. It is in fruits, vegetables and grains. It is the part of the plant that your body can't digest. Yet it is an important part of a healthy diet. It adds bulk to your diet and makes you feel full faster, helping you control your weight. Fiber helps digestion and helps prevent constipation. You can get fiber from whole grains, beans, nuts, fruits and vegetables. You should add fiber to your diet slowly. Increasing dietary fiber too quickly can lead to gas, bloating and cramps.

Sodium, Dietary
Table salt is made up of the elements sodium and chlorine - the technical name for salt is sodium chloride. Your body needs some sodium to work properly. It helps with the function of nerves and muscles. It also helps to keep the right balance of fluids in your body. Your kidneys control how much sodium is in your body. If you have too much and your kidneys can't get rid it, sodium builds up in your blood. This can lead to high blood pressure. High blood pressure can lead to other health problems. Most people in the U.S. get more sodium in their diets than they need. A key to healthy eating is choosing foods low in salt and sodium. Doctors recommend you eat less than 2.4 grams per day. That equals about 1 teaspoon of table salt a day. Reading food labels can help you see how much sodium is in prepared foods.

Dietary Sugar
Carbohydrates are one of the main types of food. Your liver breaks down carbohydrates into glucose (blood sugar). Your body uses this sugar for energy for your cells, tissues and organs. Carbohydrates are called simple or complex, depending on how fast your body digests and absorbs the sugar. You get simple carbohydrates from fruits, milk products and table sugar. Complex carbohydrates include whole grain breads and cereals, starchy vegetables and legumes. Complex carbohydrates and some simple carbohydrates provide vitamins, minerals and fiber. Products made with refined sugar provide little nutrition. It is wise to limit these products.

Dietary Proteins
Protein is in every living cell in the body. Our bodies need protein from the foods we eat to build and maintain bones, muscles and skin. We get proteins in our diet from meat, dairy products, nuts and certain grains and beans. Proteins from meat and other animal products are complete proteins. This means they supply all of the amino acids the body can't make on its own. Plant proteins are incomplete. You must combine them to get all of the amino acids your body needs. It is important to get enough dietary protein. You need to eat protein every day, because your body doesn't store it the way it stores fats or carbohydrates. The average person needs 50 to 65 grams of protein each day. This is the amount in four ounces of meat and a cup of cottage cheese.

Dietary Supplements
Dietary supplements are vitamins, minerals, herbs and other substances meant to improve your diet. They can come as pills, capsules, powders and liquids. Supplements do not have to go through the testing that drugs do. Some supplements can play an important role in health. For example, pregnant women can take the vitamin folic acid to prevent certain birth defects in their babies. Taking supplements can also be a type of complementary or alternative medicine (CAM).